GS4 QUESTION PAPER – UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains – 2023

Question. 1

A. What do you understand by ‘moral integrity’ and professional efficiency in the context of corporate governance in India? Illustrate with suitable examples.

(150 Words)

B. International aid’ is an accepted form of helping ‘resource-challenged nations, Comment on ‘ethics in contemporary international aid.’ Support your answer with suitable examples.

(Answer in 150 words)

Question. 2

A. “Corruption is the manifestation of the failure of core values in the society.” In your opinion, what measures can be adopted to uplift the core values in the society?

(Answer in 150 words)

B. In the context of work environment, differentiate between ‘coercion’ and undue influence’ with suitable examples.

(Answer in 150 words)

Question. 3

Given below are three quotations of great thinkers. What do each quotations convey to you in the present context?

A. The simplest acts of kindness are by far more powerful than a thousand heads bowing in prayer.”-Mahatma Gandhi

(Answer in 150 words)

B. “To awaken the people, it is the women who must be awakened. Once she is on the move, the family moves, the village moves, the nation moves .” – Jawaharlal Nehru

(Answer in 150 words)

C. Do not hate anybody, because that hatred that comes out from you must, in the long run, come back to you. If you love, that love will come back to you, completing the circle.” – Swami Vivekananda

(Answer in 150 words)

Question. 4

A. “What really matters for success, character, happiness and lifelong achievements is a definite set of emotional skills – your EQ -not just purely cognitive abilities that are measured by conventional IQ tests”. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer.

(Answer in 150 words)

B. Differentiate ‘moral intuition’ from moral reasoning’ with suitable Examples

(Answer in 150 words)

Question. 5

A. Is conscience a more reliable guide when compared to laws, rules and regulations in the context of ethical decision-making? Discuss.

(Answer in 150 words)

B. Probity is essential for an effective system of governance and socio-economic development.’ Discuss.

(Answer in 150 words)

Question. 6

A. What were the major teachings of Guru Nanak? Explain their relevance in the contemporary world.

(Answer in 150 words)

B. Explain the term social capital. How does it enhance good governance ?

(Answer in 150 words)

Question. 7

You Are Working as an executive in a nationalised bank for several years One Day one of your close collegues tells you that her Father is Suffering from heart disease and needs surgery immedietly to survive , She Also tells you that she has no insurence and the operation will Cost about 10 Lakh rs . You Are also Aware of the Fact that her husband is no more and that she is from a lower Class Family. You are Emphatic about her Situation. However , apart from expressing your symphathy , You do not have the resources to found her. A few Week later , You ask her about the well -being of her father and she informs you about his succesful surgery and that he is recovering .She then Confides in you that the bank manager was kind enough to feciliate the release of 10 lakh rs from a dormant account of someone to pay for the operation with a promise that it should be confidential and a rapid at the earliest .She has already started paying it back and will continue to do until it is all refunded.

a. What are the ethical issues involved?

b. Evaluate the behaviour of the bank manager from na ethical point of view.

c. How would you react to the situation?

(Answer in 150 words)

Question. 8

A land slide occured ni the middle of the night on 20th July, 2023 in a remote mountain hamlet, approximately 60 kilometres from Uttarkashi. The landslide was caused by torrential rains and hasresulted in large-scale destruction of property and life. You, as District Magistrate of that area, have rushed to the spot with a team of doctors,NGOs,media and police along with numerous support staff to oversee the rescue operations.
A man came running to you with a request for urgent medical help for his pregnant wife whois in labour and is losing blood. You directed your medical team to examine his wife. They return and convey to you that this woman needs blood transfusion immediately. Upon enquiry, you come to know that a few blood collection bags and blood group test kits are available inthe ambulance accompanying your team. Few people of your team have already volunteered to donate blood.
Being a physician who has graduated from AIMS, you know that blood for transfusion needs ot b e procured only through a recognized blood bank. Your team members are divided on this issue; some favour transfusion,while some others opposite. The doctors in the team are ready to facilitate the delivery provided they are not penalized for transfusion. Now you are in a dilemma.Your professional training emphasizes on prioritising service to humanity and saving lives of individuals.

a) What are the ethical issues involved in this case?

b) Evaluate the options available to you, being District Magistrate of the area.

(Answer in 150 words)

Question. 9

At 9 pm on Saturday evening, Rashika, a Joint Secretary, was still engrossed in her work in her office. Her husband, Vikram, is an executive i n an MNC and frequently out of town in connection with his work. Their two
children aged 5and 3are looked after by their domestic helper. At 9:30 pm her superior, Mr. Suresh calls her and asks her ot prepare a detailed note on an important matter ot be discussedin a meeting in the Ministry. She realises, that she will have to work on Sunday to finish the additional task given by her superior.

She reflects on how she h a d looked forward to thin posting and had worked long hours for months ot achieve it. She had kept the welfare of people uppermostin discharging her duties. She feels thatshe has not done enough justice toher family and she has not fulfilled her duties indischarging essential social obligations. Even as recently as last month she had to leave her sick child in the nanny’s care as she had to worki n the office. Now, she feels that she must draw a line, beyond which her personal life should take precedence over her professional responsibilities. She thinks that there should be reasonable limits to the work ethics such as punctuality, hard work,
dedicationto duty and selfless service.

(a) Discuss the ethical issues involved in this case.

(b) Briefly describe at least four laws that have been enacted bythe. Government with respect to providing a healthy,safeand equitable working environmentfor women.

(c) Imagine you are in a similar situation. What suggestions would you make to mitigate such working conditions?

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