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Mains Answer Writing

One of the key components of these exams is the written test, which consists of a number of essay and comprehension questions. Candidates are expected to write clear and well-structured answers that demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of the topics being tested.

29-August-2023

Q1. Explain how DPSPs are the reflection of Preamble of the Indian constitution. Also discuss how the DPSPs covers a broader area in its own way.

Solution :

The DPSPs (Part IV, Articles 36-51) and the Preamble of the Indian Constitution outline the guiding principles and aspirations of the nation, forming a framework for governance that ensures the well-being, progress, and protection of its citizens.

DPSPs as the Reflection of Preamble:

  • Alignment with Social Justice: Article 38 of the Indian Constitution promotes social justice by minimizing inequalities and promoting welfare, aligning with the preamble’s emphasis.
  • Promotion of Equality: Article 39 ensures fair pay, prevents discrimination, and promotes education and job opportunities for equality, reflecting the preamble’s commitment to securing social, economic, and political equality.
  • Protection of Fundamental Rights: DPSP provisions like Article 41 and Article 42 protect and promote fundamental rights, aligning with the preamble’s commitment to justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity.
  • Economic Development: Article 43 promotes economic well-being by supporting cottage industries, agriculture, and industrialization to reduce disparities, aligning with the preamble’s goal of economic justice.
  • Secularism and Unity: Article 44 promotes a Uniform Civil Code for all citizens, irrespective of religion, fostering harmony among diverse communities in line with the preamble’s objective. 

DPSPs go beyond the Preamble:

  • DPSPs establish accountability despite non-enforceability: Article 37 clarifies their fundamental role in governance, holding the government morally responsible and promoting accountability.
  • Dynamic Policy Adaptation: DPSPs evolve with societal aspirations. Article 43A, added through the 42nd Amendment Act, reflects their responsiveness to citizens’ call for enhanced participation.
  • Welfare State: Article 47 guides the State in enhancing public health, ensuring safe workplaces, and fostering children and youth development.
  • Inclusive Social Development: DPSPs promote social inclusivity beyond the preamble. Article 46 uplifts marginalized communities by emphasizing their educational and economic interests, ensuring their active participation in national progress.
  • Environmental Protection: DPSPs extend beyond the preamble by emphasizing environmental concerns. Article 48A directs the State to safeguard forests, wildlife, and improve the environment.
  • Modernisation: Art 48 project towards organization of agriculture and animal husbandry on modern lines inclining towards liberal intellectual principles of DPSP.
  • Democratic Governance: Articles 40 to 43A empower citizens through provisions for local self-government, eventually focusing on Gandhian principles.
  • International Peace and Cooperation: Article 51 emphasizes international peace and respect for international law in the State’s conduct.

Conclusion

The DPSPs and Preamble form a cohesive framework shaping India’s future. Preamble sets vision and ideals, DPSPs offer policy guidance to turn ideas into realities. This symbiotic relationship propels India towards an equitable, inclusive, and harmonious society, reflecting the Constitution’s spirit.

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