The various Indian armed forces have distinct missions and are administered by distinct ministries. The bulk of external threats to India’s security are controlled by the Ministry of Defence with assistance from the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Both the Defense Ministry and the Home Ministry are responsible for the majority of internal security issues and their handling in border regions. The Ministry of Home Affairs is primarily responsible for risks to internal security like as insurgencies, separatism, and riots, etc.
The security forces in India that deal with various threats are categorised as:
The Indian Armed Forces, the Indian Paramilitary Forces, and the Central Armed Police Forces.
India possesses two specialist Anti-Terrorism, Urban Warfare, and VIP protection groups, in addition to Special Forces inside each security force.
The security forces of India are responsible for maintaining law and order, protecting the country’s sovereignty, and defending against external and internal threats.
There are several different agencies and organizations that make up the security forces of India, including the Indian Armed Forces, the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs), the state police, and the Intelligence Bureau (IB).
The Indian Armed Forces consist of the Indian Army, the Indian Navy, and the Indian Air Force. These forces are responsible for protecting the country’s territorial integrity and defending against external threats.
The Indian Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces and is responsible for land-based operations. The Indian Navy is responsible for naval operations and the protection of the country’s maritime interests, while the Indian Air Force is responsible for air defense and the maintenance of air superiority.
The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) are a group of paramilitary forces that operate under the Ministry of Home Affairs. These forces include the Border Security Force (BSF), the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), the National Security Guard (NSG), and the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB). The CAPFs are responsible for a variety of tasks, including border security, counter-insurgency operations, VIP protection, and maintaining law and order.
The state police are responsible for maintaining law and order within the states and union territories of India. Each state has its own police force, which is responsible for enforcing state laws and maintaining order within the state.
The Intelligence Bureau (IB) is India’s primary internal intelligence agency. It is responsible for gathering, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence on a variety of topics, including internal and external threats to national security, terrorism, and organized crime.
In addition to these agencies, there are also a number of other organizations that play a role in the security of India, including the Coast Guard, the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), and the Special Protection Group (SPG).
Overall, the security forces of India are responsible for a wide range of tasks and are an essential component of the country’s national security. They work to protect the country’s sovereignty and defend against external and internal threats, while also maintaining law and order and ensuring the safety and security of the country’s citizens.