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12 June 2024 : PIB Summary For UPSC


Topic: GS2 – International Relations – Bilateral Relations
  • INS Shivalik’s participation in the Japan – India Maritime Exercise 2024 (JIMEX 24) marks the eighth edition of this bilateral exercise since its inception in 2012.
  • The exercise aims to enhance maritime security cooperation between India and Japan in the Indo-Pacific region.

Analysis of the news:

  • The Indian Navy’s indigenous Stealth Frigate INS Shivalik arrived at Yokosuka, Japan, for the bilateral Japan – India Maritime Exercise 2024 (JIMEX 24), marking the eighth edition since 2012.
  • VAdm ITO Hiroshi, Commander JMSDF Yokosuka District, and Ambassador Sibi George, Ambassador of India to Japan, extended a warm welcome to the ship.
  • The exercise comprises both harbour and sea phases, involving professional, sports, and social interactions in the harbour phase.
  • During the sea phase, the navies will conduct joint warfighting exercises to enhance interoperability in surface, sub-surface, and air domains.
  • INS Shivalik represents the Indian Navy, while the Guided Missile Destroyer JS Yugiri represents the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF).
  • Integral helicopters from both navies will participate in the exercise.
  • JIMEX 24, evolving in scope and complexity, facilitates mutual learning and operational interactions between the Indian Navy and JMSDF to strengthen maritime security cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region.
India – Japan Defence Cooperation:
  • Strategic Partnership: India and Japan have forged a strategic partnership aimed at enhancing security and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • Defence Dialogue: The two countries hold regular high-level defence dialogues to discuss bilateral defence cooperation, regional security issues, and military exchanges.
  • Bilateral Exercises: India and Japan conduct various bilateral military exercises, including the Japan – India Maritime Exercise (JIMEX), the annual Malabar naval exercise (involving the United States), and the bilateral army exercise called Dharma Guardian.
  • Technology Cooperation: Both nations collaborate in defence technology and equipment, including joint development projects, technology transfer, and procurement of defence systems.
  • Maritime Security: Cooperation extends to maritime security, with joint efforts to combat piracy, ensure freedom of navigation, and uphold maritime law and order.
  • Defence Trade: India and Japan engage in defence trade, with Japan supplying defence equipment and technology to India and exploring opportunities for joint production and co-development.
  • Quad Cooperation: Both countries are members of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad), along with the United States and Australia, aimed at promoting a free, open, and inclusive Indo-Pacific region.
  • Strategic Cooperation: India and Japan share concerns about China’s assertiveness in the Indo-Pacific, leading to closer strategic cooperation in defence and security affairs.
PYQ: ‘Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad)’ is transforming itself into a trade bloc from a military alliance, in present Smes – Discuss. (250 words/15m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2020)
Practice Question:  How does the India-Japan defence cooperation contribute to regional security in the Indo-Pacific? Discuss the key elements and significance of this partnership. (150 Words /10 marks)

(Source – https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=2024261 )

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