Who was Malik Kafur?
Malik Kafur, also known as Taj al-Din Izz al-Dawla, was a slave general of the Delhi Sultanate ruler Alauddin Khilji (r. 1296–1316).
Before his tenure with Al-ud-din Khiji, Kafur was the slave of a wealthy Gujarati Khwaja in the Khambat region. The Khwaja is presumed to have bought Kafur, who was a eunuch and of great physical beauty, for 1000 dinars, so Kafur was also called ‘hazar-dinari‘ (al-Alfi in Arabic).
Malik kafur`s imaginary image
Alauddin’s general, Nusrat Khan, captured Malik Kafur during his Gujarat campaign of 1299. Maqlik Kafur was brought to Delhi at the service of the Sultan.
Very soon, Malik Kafur rose to prominence due to his wise counsel to the king and his ability as a military commander. Kafur commanded the Khilji’s forces against the Mongols and defeated them in 1306 CE.
Also Malik Kafur carried out the Delhi Sultanates’ Deccan and Southern India campaigns:
Malik Kafur’s Campaign in the Deccan and Southern India
These campaigns result in tremendous war booty for the Delhi Sultanate. Malik Kafur served as the governor of Devagiri between 1313-1315 CE. He was recalled to the capital to serve as the Viceroy of the Sultan due to Khilji’s deteriorating health.
Fig: Alauddin Khilji’s campaigns led by Kafur (Orange colour lines)
Former bodyguards of Alauddin Khilji killed Malik Kafur as he tried to assert control over the empire after Ala-ud-din’s death.
Malik Kafur was a powerful commander who played a key role in expanding the Delhi Sultanate’s territories and establishing its dominance over much of the Indian subcontinent. Despite his controversial legacy, he is remembered as one of the most successful military commanders of the empire, and his administrative and economic reforms helped lay the groundwork for future growth and prosperity.
FAQ’s Related to Malik Kafur
Malik Kafur was originally a Hindu slave from the Deccan region of India.
Malik Kafur was the general of Alauddin Khilji.
Malik Kafur was a slave who turned general under Alauddin Khilji Regime ( The Sultan of Delhi). Political allegiance and mutual trust defined their relationship, and Kafur was a major force in Khilji’s administration, particularly when it came to military and administrative affairs.
At 99Notes, each study and article is meticulously crafted through the collaborative expertise of seasoned professionals, ensuring the production of highly comprehensive and pertinent study materials tailored specifically for IAS aspirants. Our commitment to excellence in collective efforts results in an unparalleled resource for those seeking top-notch preparation.
Lead Writer : Mr. Chandan Kumar