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    Ancient History of India Notes

    Magadha Empire Map
    Magadha Empire (544-320 BCE): Ancient India's Glorious Kingdom (Ancient History Notes)
    Magadha Empire The Magadha Empire was a significant ancient Indian kingdom, renowned for its contribution...
    Megalith And Sangam Age
    Megaliths: Ancient Stones & Their Mysteries (UPSC Exam Notes)
    Megaliths Megaliths are large stone structures built a long time ago, during the Stone and Bronze Ages....
    Everything-You-Know-About-Padmagupta-99Notes-Upsc
    Everything You need to know about Padmagupta when Prepraring for UPSC
    A court poet of the Parmara king Sindhuraja (r. 990s CE). Padmagupta is the author of a Sanskrit epic,...
    The-Deccan-State-Of-Ancient-India-99Notes-Upsc
    The Deccan states of Ancient India (300-750 AD)
    After the fall of Kushanas in the North and Satvahana in the south, several minor powers emerged, as...
    Post-Gupta-Age-99Notes-Upsc
    Post Gupta Period UPSC Notes for IAS Exam
    Post Gupta Period The Post-Gupta period marks a transformative era in Indian history, characterized by...
    India-During-Its-Golden-Age-99Notes-Upsc
    Golden Age of India: Gupta Period Notes for UPSC
    The Gupta Age was a Golden age of Economy, Literature, Science, Mathematics, Astronomy and Art, even...
    The-Gupta-Empire-99Notes-Upsc
    Gupta Empire - Golden Age of India: History, Expansion, Major Rulers, Administration & Decline
    Gupta Empire The Kushanas and the Satvahanas became weaker in the middle of the 3rd century after providing...
    Age-Of-Satvahanas-99Notes-Upsc
    Satavahana Dynasty: History, Rulers, Administration, Society, Art & Architecture- UPSC Notes
    Satavahana Dynasty Satvahanas  succeeded the Mauryan Empire in Deccan and Central India. They are considered...
    Megalith And Sangam Age
    Sangam Age: Literature, Map, & Dynasties [UPSC Exam Notes]
    Sangam Age The Sangam Age, a significant era in ancient Tamil history, is renowned for its rich cultural...
    Post Mauryan Period
    Post Mauryan Period: Shunga, Kanva Dynasties & More [UPSC Notes]
    Post Mauryan Period The period from 200 BCE onwards is known as Post-Mauryan Period. It did not witness...
    Magadha Empire Map
    Magadha Empire (544-320 BCE): Ancient India's Glorious Kingdom (Ancient History Notes)
    Magadha Empire The Magadha Empire was a significant ancient Indian kingdom, renowned for its contribution...
    Megalith And Sangam Age
    Megaliths: Ancient Stones & Their Mysteries (UPSC Exam Notes)
    Megaliths Megaliths are large stone structures built a long time ago, during the Stone and Bronze Ages....
    Everything-You-Know-About-Padmagupta-99Notes-Upsc
    Everything You need to know about Padmagupta when Prepraring for UPSC
    A court poet of the Parmara king Sindhuraja (r. 990s CE). Padmagupta is the author of a Sanskrit epic,...
    The-Deccan-State-Of-Ancient-India-99Notes-Upsc
    The Deccan states of Ancient India (300-750 AD)
    After the fall of Kushanas in the North and Satvahana in the south, several minor powers emerged, as...
    Post-Gupta-Age-99Notes-Upsc
    Post Gupta Period UPSC Notes for IAS Exam
    Post Gupta Period The Post-Gupta period marks a transformative era in Indian history, characterized by...
    India-During-Its-Golden-Age-99Notes-Upsc
    Golden Age of India: Gupta Period Notes for UPSC
    The Gupta Age was a Golden age of Economy, Literature, Science, Mathematics, Astronomy and Art, even...
    The-Gupta-Empire-99Notes-Upsc
    Gupta Empire - Golden Age of India: History, Expansion, Major Rulers, Administration & Decline
    Gupta Empire The Kushanas and the Satvahanas became weaker in the middle of the 3rd century after providing...
    Age-Of-Satvahanas-99Notes-Upsc
    Satavahana Dynasty: History, Rulers, Administration, Society, Art & Architecture- UPSC Notes
    Satavahana Dynasty Satvahanas  succeeded the Mauryan Empire in Deccan and Central India. They are considered...
    Megalith And Sangam Age
    Sangam Age: Literature, Map, & Dynasties [UPSC Exam Notes]
    Sangam Age The Sangam Age, a significant era in ancient Tamil history, is renowned for its rich cultural...

    Macroeconomics

    Everything You Need To Know About

    Introduction to Economics

    All activities involving money are called economic activities. It is any activity that contributes to that economy. Economic activity occurs when resources such as capital, labour, manufacturing techniques or intermediary products are combined to produce specific goods and services.

    Why History of Ancient India Important?

    Ancient History of India is an important part of the history of the Indian subcontinent, and understanding its Ancient history and culture is crucial for UPSC CSE preparation. Here are a few reasons why:

    1. Ancient History of India is an important part of the syllabus for the UPSC CSE exam, and a good understanding of ancient India can help you score well in the exam.
    2. Ancient History notes will play a significant role in the development of the cultural and intellectual traditions of modern India, and understanding ancient India can help you understand the present-day context of India.
    3. History of ancient India made significant contributions to the world in the fields of art, literature, science, and philosophy, and understanding these contributions can help you understand India’s place in the world.
    4. Ancient History of India is closely linked to the history of the Indian subcontinent as a whole, and understanding ancient India can provide a deeper understanding of the region’s past and present.

    Importance of Ancient History of India:

    1. Ancient History of India is an essential part of the syllabus for the UPSC CSE exam, and a good understanding of ancient India can help you score well in the exam.
    2. Ancient History played a significant role in the development of the cultural and intellectual traditions of modern India, and understanding ancient India can help you understand India’s present-day context.
    3. Ancient History of India made significant contributions to the world in the fields of art, literature, science, and philosophy, and understanding these contributions can help you understand India’s place in the world.
    4. Ancient history of India is closely linked to the history of the Indian subcontinent as a whole, and understanding ancient India can provide a deeper understanding of the region’s past and present.

    Topics covered under Ancient History of India

    Ancient India refers to the history of the Indian subcontinent from the earliest civilizations to the emergence of Rajputs in India. Introduction of paper is the major differentiating point in the ancient and medieval history.

    The ancient history of India is divided into several periods, including the Stone Age, Indus Valley Civilization (3300 BCE – 1300 BCE), the Vedic Period (1500 BCE – 500 BCE), the Maurya Empire (321 BCE – 185 BCE), and the Gupta Empire (320 CE – 550 CE).

    1. The Stone age:

    The Stone Age refers to the prehistoric period during which stone tools were the most prevalent form of articles used by early man. The use of stone tools started about 2.5 million years ago with the arrival of the early humans (‘Homo Habilis’ and Australopithecus). They were one of the earliest bipedal primates and used tools to hunt primarily.

    2. The Indus Valley Civilization

    The Indus Valley Civilisation was one of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the world, with major cities such as Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was characterized by its sophisticated urban planning, advanced technology, and diverse cultural practices.

    3. The Vedic Period

    The Vedic Period saw the emergence of the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, and the development of Hinduism as a religion. The Maurya Empire, under the rule of Emperor Ashoka, was a period of outstanding political and cultural achievements. Ashoka is known for his policies of non-violence and religious tolerance and his contributions to the spread of Buddhism.

    4. Later Vedic Period

    The later Vedic period, or post-Vedic age, extended roughly from 1000 B.C. to 600 B.C., during which some Vedic tribes had migrated from the ‘Sapta Sindhu’ region to the upper Ganga Valley and other adjacent areas. The history of the later Vedic period is based primarily on Vedic texts, which were compiled after the age of Rigveda.

    5. The Mauryan Empire

    The Mauryan Empire existed in the 4th-3rd century BCE, it had a profound impact on the cultural and religious sphere. Buddhism spread not only in India but also to the other parts of Asia in this period. This period features the largest empire that India saw, under the able leadership of kings like Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka.

    6. The Sangam Age

    One of the greatest repositories of literature in India was created in the 2nd century BCE to 3rd Century BCE. This is known as the Sangam Age. After the decline of Sangam kingdoms, several other kingdoms like the Pallavas and Chalukyas emerged.

    7. The Gupta Empire

    The Gupta Empire, which followed the Maurya Empire, was a period of outstanding cultural and scientific achievements. The Gupta Empire is known for its advances in mathematics, science, and literature and its achievements in art and architecture.

    8. The Foreign Invasion:

    Foreign invasions also played a significant role in ancient India’s history. Alexander invaded western part of India in the 4th century BCE. After him, several central Asian tribes like Saka, Kushana, and Hunas arrived in several waves till 5th Century CE.

    Overall, ancient India made significant contributions to the world in the fields of art, literature, science, and philosophy. Its legacy can still be seen in the cultural and intellectual traditions of modern India.

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