|Topic: GS3 – Internal Security – Defence Technology
This topic is relevant for both Prelims and Mains in the context of a significant defense deal which reflects India’s defense and security policy.
- The Pentagon officially announced the approval, stating that the Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification to notify the US Congress of this potential sale.
- The State Department has made a determination approving a Foreign Military Sale to the Government of India for MQ-9B Remotely Piloted Aircraft and related equipment at an estimated cost of $3.99 billion.
- The proposed sale includes
- 31 MQ-9B Sky Guardian aircraft,
- 161 Embedded Global Positioning & Inertial Navigation Systems (EGIs),
- 35 L3 Rio Grande Communications Intelligence Sensor Suites,
- 170 AGM-114R Hellfire missiles,
- various other equipment such as GBU-39B/B Laser Small Diameter Bombs (LSDB),
- ground control stations,
- missile launchers,
- tactical training rounds,
- high-frequency radios,
- The Pentagon emphasizes that the proposed sale aims to support foreign policy and national security objectives by strengthening the US-India strategic relationship.
- It is expected to enhance India’s capability to address current and future threats through unmanned surveillance and reconnaissance patrols in sea lanes of operation.
- The sale is seen as contributing to the political stability, peace, and economic progress in the Indo-Pacific and South Asia region.
- The statement assures that the proposed sale, including equipment and support, will not alter the basic military balance in the region.
- It notes India’s commitment to modernizing its military and suggests that the country will smoothly integrate the provided articles and services into its armed forces.
|What are MQ-9B Armed Drones?
|PYQ: How is S-400 air defence system technically superior to any other system presently available in the world? (150 words) S-400? (UPSC CSE (M) GS-3 2021)
|Practice Question: Analyze the potential impact of the armed drone defense deal on regional stability, focusing on the Indo-Pacific and South Asia regions. Consider how the acquisition may influence the balance of power and diplomatic dynamics in these areas. (250 words/15 m)