|Topic: GS2 – Polity – Indian constitution – Significant provisions
This topic is relevant for both Prelims and Mains in the context of understanding the proposed UCC and its various dimensions.
- A significant aspect of the committee’s report is the recommendation to make practices like halala, iddat, and triple talaq, which govern marriage and divorce under Muslim personal law, punishable offenses.
- The report aims to bring uniformity in the legal age for marriage, applying the same standards across different religions.
- The committee proposes uniform adoption rights for all, aligning with existing laws under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act.
- It also suggests mandatory registration for live-in relationships.
- Furthermore, the report mentions overwhelming suggestions from stakeholders for uniformity in the number of children for couples and other measures for population control.
- However, it acknowledges that the Central government will set up a separate committee to address the rising population challenge.
- The draft report, divided into four volumes, was submitted to Uttarakhand Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami.
- The UCC Bill is expected to be tabled in the upcoming Uttarakhand Assembly session.
- Chief Minister Dhami emphasizes the BJP’s commitment to implementing the UCC, fulfilling a promise made before the 2022 Assembly elections.
- The committee’s recommendations aim to set a model for other states to adopt, with the expectation that the Uttarakhand UCC will be implemented without targeting any specific group.
- However, opposition voices express skepticism about the ease of implementing the UCC in Uttarakhand.
- The Congress spokesperson suggested that the subject falls under the Concurrent List, allowing both the Centre and the State to make laws.
- Concerns arise about potential conflicts between state and central laws, with the opposition highlighting the need for careful consideration and a broader consensus.
- The president of the Muslim Seva Sangathan expressed readiness to protest if the UCC draft affects personal and religious rights.
- The expert committee’s recommendations touch on various aspects of social and legal reforms, aiming to bring about uniformity and equality in personal laws while addressing specific concerns related to tribal communities, gender equality, and population control.
- The political and social implications of implementing such a code are expected to unfold in the Uttarakhand Assembly and beyond.
|What is Uniform Civil Code?
|PYQ: Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizens a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of State Policy. (200 words/12.5m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2015)
|Practice Question: Discuss the potential implications and challenges associated with the proposed Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in Uttarakhand, considering its recommendations on tribal exemption, gender equality, and reforms in personal laws. (250 words/15 m)