|Topic: GS2 – Social Justice – Health
This topic is not much relevant in the context of Prelims but more for Mains in the context of cervical cancer, its prevalence, prevention strategies, and the role of vaccination.
- With 1,23,907 new cases and 77,348 deaths from cervical cancer recorded in 2022, India plays a major role in the worldwide cervical cancer burden.
- The primary reason, in conjunction with a number of confounding variables, is the persistence of high-risk forms of HPV infections.
- If caught early enough, cervical cancer is both preventable and treatable.
- The article emphasises the need of early detection, as most cases can be diagnosed in the reproductive age group.
- There is a large window of opportunity for detection and treatment during the pre-invasive period, which lasts for 10 to 15 years.
- The Indian Institute of Public Health (IIPH) published the results of a population-based study in 2021.
- The study found that lack of screening, cancer fear, and awareness all have a role in the late discovery of cervical cancer.
- According to the study, individuals frequently seek treatment from traditional healers initially, which causes delays in receiving the necessary medical attention.
- In line with Sustainable Development Goal 3.4, cervical cancer is emphasised as the only non-communicable disease that can be eradicated.
- The World Health Organisation (WHO) promotes easy, practical, and scalable interventions, such as widespread HPV vaccination, screening, and early diagnosis and treatment.
- Within the framework of the National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases, and Stroke (NPCDCS), the Indian government has instituted cancer screening programmes, including in primary healthcare centres.
- The article emphasises the value of accessible and easy-to-use screening methods including HPV and visual screening tests.
- It mentions promising advancements including self-sampling for HPV testing, single-dose HPV vaccination, and artificial intelligence technology for diagnosis.
- To guarantee complete care for individuals with cervical cancer, the article emphasises the necessity of awareness campaigns, overcoming vaccination hesitancy, and fortifying health systems.
- In order to eradicate cervical cancer, the conclusion highlights the critical need for collaborations at all levels, capacity building, and population-level awareness.
- It promotes regular screening programmes, the use of cutting-edge technology, the bolstering of cancer registries, the lowering of financial costs, and the development of partnerships with non-governmental organisations and public health experts.
- The article emphasises the value of a comprehensive approach that includes palliative care, early diagnosis, screening, vaccination, and treatment.
- It demands that effective patient care pathways be implemented, that digital technologies be utilised, and that partnerships be fostered in order to work together to eradicate cervical cancer.
|PYQ: ‘Mission Indradhanush’ launched by the Government of India pertains to (2016) (a) Immunization of children and pregnant women (b) Construction of smart cities across the country (c) India’s own search for the Earth-like planets in outer space (d) New Educational Policy Ans: (a)
|Practice Question: Examine the significance of the government’s decision to include the cervical cancer vaccine in the universal immunization program, focusing on its potential impact on public health in India. (200 words/12.5 m)