|Topic: GS2 – Governance, GS3– Science and Technology- Effects of S&T in everyday life.
This topic is not much relevant in the context of Prelims but more for Mains in the context of global initiatives, ethical considerations, international cooperation, governance challenges, and the impact of artificial intelligence on democracy and security.
- In 2019, the UN started working on “frontier technologies” and AI, creating a roadmap and strategic framework for building AI capabilities.
- Key guidelines for the moral application of AI inside the UN system were established in a 2019 UNESCO proclamation, which placed an emphasis on concepts including respect for human rights, ecological sustainability, diversity, inclusivity, good governance, and just development.
- The groundwork for incorporating these ideas into the UN’s AI policy is laid by the recommendation of a system-wide normative and operational framework for the moral application of AI.
- Despite these initiatives, the growing notion of “digital sovereignty” cannot be ignored in discussions about the moral application of AI.
- Digital sovereignty, which is essential to the cross-border, multilayer regulation of artificial intelligence, is progressively replacing the idea of territorial sovereignty.
- Concerns over how to stop these problems in governance and development to guarantee truth and responsibility are raised by the difficulties, which include the spread of hate speech, false information, and disinformation.
- The dangers that artificial intelligence (AI) tools offer to decision-making and information privacy have been brought to light by experts.
- These tools have the ability to influence the foundations and mechanisms of democracy.
- They stress that the main purpose of AI at the moment is to gather personal data and build intricate behavioural profiles, which could compromise autonomy, privacy, and anonymity.
- To stop the erosion of democracy and privacy, immediate action at the national, regional, and international levels is required.
- The US and China are still at odds over digital issues, which highlights the rise of three separate “digital empires.”
- According to expert analysis, the US adopts a free digital model that emphasises the autonomy of the AI sector and lets the free market choose how content is produced.
- Conversely, democratic countries are becoming concerned about China’s state-driven regulatory paradigm, which is characterised by control over private AI companies and surveillance.
- A few democracies already in existence start to favour the EU as a preferred model because it is perceived as offering a more human-centric digital economy.
- Technopolitics faces an uncertain future as rival models like digital authoritarianism, surveillance capitalism, and liberal democratic values compete for supremacy.
- The human rights-based approach is given priority in the EU’s Declaration on Development, which further complicates the already difficult situation.
- Which foundation—surveillance capitalism, digital authoritarianism, or liberal democratic values will influence social interaction and human interaction in the rapidly developing digital era is still up for debate.
- AI in Warfare and Humanitarian Concerns:
- AI in combat takes a sinister turn as deadly autonomous weaponry systems transform the battlefield.
- The US Defence Department’s acronym for lethal autonomous weapons, or LAWs, represents the total reliance of unmanned systems on machine learning.
- This has led to worries regarding the dehumanisation of warfare and potential setbacks for international humanitarian law.
- As per experts it is important to “humanise” AI applications in both civil and military situations in order to avoid irreparable repercussions.
- The intricate relationships between the dynamics of world politics, ethical issues in the development of AI, and the changing terrain of digital sovereignty highlight the opportunities and challenges that lie ahead for establishing a future that strikes a balance between ethical requirements and technological achievements.
|What is Artificial Intelligence?
|PYQ: Introduce the concept of Artificial Intelligence (AI). How does AI help clinical diagnosis? Do you perceive any threat to privacy of the individual in the use of Al in healthcare? (150 words/10m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-3 2023)
|Practice Question: Discuss the evolving landscape of global governance in the context of artificial intelligence, focusing on the recent UN initiatives and ethical frameworks. Analyze the challenges posed by the concept of “digital sovereignty” and its implications for international relations. (250 words/15 m)