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PIB Summary fop UPSC

19-January -2024

1. Ministry of Textiles approves 11 R&D projects valuing INR 103 Crores across different areas of Technical Textiles

Topic: GS3 – Indian Economy – Infrastructure 
This topic is relevant for both Prelims and Mains in the context of understanding what are technical textiles and its applications in textile and other industries and learn more about National Technical Textiles Mission.
Context:
  • Union Textiles Minister Approves 11 R&D Projects Under National Technical Textiles Mission
More about the news:
  • Union Minister Shri Piyush Goyal approves 11 projects worth INR 103 Crores, including 9 R&D projects, 1 machine development project, and 1 equipment development project.
  • One project focuses on developing high-strength carbon fibre for strategic applications in Technical Textiles.
  • Projects include Protech, Meditech, Mobiltech, Buildtech, Smart Textiles, and Sustainable Textiles.
  • Research projects led by institutes and research bodies include CSIR-NAL, ATIRA, NITRA, IIT Delhi, ICT- Mumbai, NIT-Jalandhar, and Colorjet India Ltd.
  • The Minister reviewed progress of various components of the National Technical Textiles Mission, including sanctioned R&D products, applications under General Guidelines, Quality Control Orders, R&D patent guidelines, and outreach activities.
National Technical Textile Mission
 
  • The government had approved a National Technical Textiles Mission for 4 years (2020-21 to 2023-24) with an outlay of Rs.1480 crores.
  • The mission aims to develop the usage of technical textiles in various flagship missions and strategic sectors.
  • The use of technical textiles in agriculture, aquaculture, dairy, poultry, etc. will improve cost economy, water and soil conservation, agricultural productivity, and higher income for farmers.
  • The mission will promote innovation among young engineering/technology/science standards and graduates, create innovation and incubation centres, and promote’start-up’ and ventures.
  • A sub-component of the research will focus on developing biodegradable technical textiles materials and equipment for environmentally sustainable disposal of used textiles.
  • The mission will also develop indigenous machineries and process equipment for technical textiles to promote ‘Make In India’ and enable industry competitiveness.
  • Six courses for skill development in the Technical Textiles sector have been on-boarded on the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF).
Technical Textiles:
  • Technical Textiles are textile products that are manufactured primarily for their functionality and use rather than aesthetic appeal.
  • They are designed to have high levels of physical, mechanical, thermal, and/or chemical properties for use in specific applications within industrial sectors such as earthworks, construction, civil engineering, transport, defense, medical, and healthcare.
PYQ: Analyze the factors for highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India. (100 words/5m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-1 2013)
Practice Question: What are technical textiles? What are its applications?  What is the significance of National Technical Textiles Mission for Indian Economy? (250 words/15 m)

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