1 Jan 2024 : The Hindu Editorial Notes PDF

  1. Floods and a preventive measurethat needs review.
Topic: GS3 – Disaster and disaster management. GS1- Geophysical phenomenon- Cyclone Critical for UPSC as it addresses crisis governance, accountability, and demographic vulnerabilities, essential components in administrative and policy evaluations.
The article discusses the enduring consequences of decisions made post-Cyclone Michuang in Chennai.Focusing on power disruptions during natural disasters, it emphasizes the need for accountable and transparent decision-making, considering demographic vulnerabilities and the dynamic nature of crises.


  • Consequences of decisions post-Cyclone Michuang persist, impacting Chennai residents.
  • Visible and hidden outcomes underscore the need for accountability in decision-making.

Power Disruption Risks:

  • Decision to cut power during cyclones for safety reasons is acknowledged.
  • Extended power outage poses dangers in homes, especially for vulnerable populations.
  • Potential risks for the elderly, accidents, and security concerns in the dark are highlighted.

Demographic Considerations:

  • Tamil Nadu’s significant elderly population, particularly those above 60.
  • Chennai’s demographic details emphasize the vulnerability of a large elderly population.
  • Power disruption is identified as a significant hazard for this demographic.

Dynamic Decision-Making:

  • Acknowledgement of the dynamic and evolving nature of crisis decision-making.
  • Emotional and psychological challenges faced by decision-makers should be recognized.
  • Balancing conservatism with potential dangers of inadequate consideration is emphasized.

Accountability and Justification:

  • Advocates for accountability in decision-making processes.
  • The need for bureaucrats or officials to justify decisions and document reasons in real-time is emphasized.
  • Recognition of potential risks on both ends – premature restoration and unjustifiable power cuts.

Transparent Decision-Making:

  • Acknowledging the complexities of decision-making, avoiding populist approaches.
  • Advocating for specialist reviews rather than public transparency.
  • The 2015 floods serve as a cautionary example of populist decision-making consequences.

Shared Responsibility:

  • Arguing against elitist exclusivity in decision-making.
  • Advocating for a hierarchical approach with scaled levels of responsibility.
  • Suggesting periodic reviews by an oversight team during evolving crises.

Principles of Review:

  • Emphasizing the need for reviews based on rationale and evidence.
  • Overturning or modifying decisions found indefensible or unsupported.
  • Fixing responsibility on individuals for sub-optimal decisions, with potential bans from future decision-making roles.


  • Navigating the aftermath of Cyclone Michuang underscores the imperative of transparent, accountable decision-making.
  • Recognizing demographic vulnerabilities and the dynamic nature of crises is crucial for effective governance.
PYQ: Account for the huge flooding of million cities in India including the smart ones like Hyderabad and Pune. Suggest lasting remedial measures. (UPSC CSE (M) GS-1 2020)(150 words/10 m)
Practice Question: Examine the significance of transparent and accountable decision-making in post-disaster governance, considering demographic vulnerabilities and the dynamic nature of crises. Support your answer with relevant examples (250 words/15 m)

2.Reading the tea leaves for 2024.

Topic: GS2 – International Relations – Effect of policies and politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests Critical for UPSC as it covers geopolitical dynamics, diplomatic strategies, and challenges, assessing India’s role in global affairs.
The article navigates the geopolitical landscape for the next 12 months, assessing uncertainties in conflicts like Russia-Ukraine and Israel-Hamas, emphasizing India’s diplomatic gains, challenges, and areas of focus, and exploring potential flashpoints in the Indo-Pacific.

Geopolitical Analysis – Next 12 Months:

  • Blend of hope and realism needed to gauge the trajectory of geopolitics.
  • Ongoing polycrisis includes COVID-19, global economic slowdown, Russia-Ukraine war, climate challenges, debt burden, and Israel-Hamas conflict.

Uncertain Conflict Resolutions:

  • Uncertainty surrounds the end of kinetic conflicts in Ukraine and Gaza.
  • Israeli Prime Minister’s goals for the Israel-Hamas conflict and the unpredictable duration of the crisis.

Russia-Ukraine War Outlook:

  • Russia’s tenacity despite opposition, economic sanctions, and internal upheaval.
  • Speculation on the war’s end tied to potential outcomes of U.S. elections, with different scenarios based on Trump or Biden presidency.

Indo-Pacific Flashpoints:

  • Potential flashpoints in the Indo-Pacific include Taiwan, North Korea, South China Sea, and the India-China border.
  • Evolving U.S.-China rivalry and India-China contestation influencing outcomes.

India’s Diplomatic Gains:

  • India’s proactive diplomacy driven by economic growth.
  • Positive strides in U.S.-India relations, EU cooperation, Quad consolidation, and stability in India-Russia ties.

Challenges Ahead:

  • China remains the primary challenge for India in 2024.
  • Expansion of Chinese influence in South Asia requires a strategic counter-response.

Diplomatic Focus for India:

  • Diplomatic focus on climate change, free trade agreements, digital technology expertise, and AI in economic development.
  • Multilateral engagements in G-20, BRICS, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, and UN Security Council reform.

Upcoming Parliamentary Elections:

  • The Ministry of External Affairs to project India’s parliamentary elections as a milestone in the world’s largest democracy.


  • A nuanced perspective on the geopolitical future, highlighting uncertainties, diplomatic gains, challenges, and areas of focus for India in the next 12 months.
PYQ: The long-sustained image of India as a leader of the oppressed and marginalised nations has disappeared on account of its new found role in the emerging global order. Elaborate. (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2019) (250 words/15m )
Practice Question: Discuss the geopolitical challenges and diplomatic strategies in near future, emphasizing India’s role in global affairs. Provide examples and potential implications for the next 12 months. (250 words/15 m)

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