|

1 Jan 2024 : The Hindu Editorial Notes PDF

  1. Floods and a preventive measurethat needs review.
Topic: GS3 – Disaster and disaster management. GS1- Geophysical phenomenon- Cyclone Critical for UPSC as it addresses crisis governance, accountability, and demographic vulnerabilities, essential components in administrative and policy evaluations.
Context:
The article discusses the enduring consequences of decisions made post-Cyclone Michuang in Chennai.Focusing on power disruptions during natural disasters, it emphasizes the need for accountable and transparent decision-making, considering demographic vulnerabilities and the dynamic nature of crises.

Introduction:

  • Consequences of decisions post-Cyclone Michuang persist, impacting Chennai residents.
  • Visible and hidden outcomes underscore the need for accountability in decision-making.

Power Disruption Risks:

  • Decision to cut power during cyclones for safety reasons is acknowledged.
  • Extended power outage poses dangers in homes, especially for vulnerable populations.
  • Potential risks for the elderly, accidents, and security concerns in the dark are highlighted.

Demographic Considerations:

  • Tamil Nadu’s significant elderly population, particularly those above 60.
  • Chennai’s demographic details emphasize the vulnerability of a large elderly population.
  • Power disruption is identified as a significant hazard for this demographic.

Dynamic Decision-Making:

  • Acknowledgement of the dynamic and evolving nature of crisis decision-making.
  • Emotional and psychological challenges faced by decision-makers should be recognized.
  • Balancing conservatism with potential dangers of inadequate consideration is emphasized.

Accountability and Justification:

  • Advocates for accountability in decision-making processes.
  • The need for bureaucrats or officials to justify decisions and document reasons in real-time is emphasized.
  • Recognition of potential risks on both ends – premature restoration and unjustifiable power cuts.

Transparent Decision-Making:

  • Acknowledging the complexities of decision-making, avoiding populist approaches.
  • Advocating for specialist reviews rather than public transparency.
  • The 2015 floods serve as a cautionary example of populist decision-making consequences.

Shared Responsibility:

  • Arguing against elitist exclusivity in decision-making.
  • Advocating for a hierarchical approach with scaled levels of responsibility.
  • Suggesting periodic reviews by an oversight team during evolving crises.

Principles of Review:

  • Emphasizing the need for reviews based on rationale and evidence.
  • Overturning or modifying decisions found indefensible or unsupported.
  • Fixing responsibility on individuals for sub-optimal decisions, with potential bans from future decision-making roles.

Conclusion:

  • Navigating the aftermath of Cyclone Michuang underscores the imperative of transparent, accountable decision-making.
  • Recognizing demographic vulnerabilities and the dynamic nature of crises is crucial for effective governance.
PYQ: Account for the huge flooding of million cities in India including the smart ones like Hyderabad and Pune. Suggest lasting remedial measures. (UPSC CSE (M) GS-1 2020)(150 words/10 m)
Practice Question: Examine the significance of transparent and accountable decision-making in post-disaster governance, considering demographic vulnerabilities and the dynamic nature of crises. Support your answer with relevant examples (250 words/15 m)

2.Reading the tea leaves for 2024.

Topic: GS2 – International Relations – Effect of policies and politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests Critical for UPSC as it covers geopolitical dynamics, diplomatic strategies, and challenges, assessing India’s role in global affairs.
Context:
The article navigates the geopolitical landscape for the next 12 months, assessing uncertainties in conflicts like Russia-Ukraine and Israel-Hamas, emphasizing India’s diplomatic gains, challenges, and areas of focus, and exploring potential flashpoints in the Indo-Pacific.

Geopolitical Analysis – Next 12 Months:

  • Blend of hope and realism needed to gauge the trajectory of geopolitics.
  • Ongoing polycrisis includes COVID-19, global economic slowdown, Russia-Ukraine war, climate challenges, debt burden, and Israel-Hamas conflict.

Uncertain Conflict Resolutions:

  • Uncertainty surrounds the end of kinetic conflicts in Ukraine and Gaza.
  • Israeli Prime Minister’s goals for the Israel-Hamas conflict and the unpredictable duration of the crisis.

Russia-Ukraine War Outlook:

  • Russia’s tenacity despite opposition, economic sanctions, and internal upheaval.
  • Speculation on the war’s end tied to potential outcomes of U.S. elections, with different scenarios based on Trump or Biden presidency.

Indo-Pacific Flashpoints:

  • Potential flashpoints in the Indo-Pacific include Taiwan, North Korea, South China Sea, and the India-China border.
  • Evolving U.S.-China rivalry and India-China contestation influencing outcomes.

India’s Diplomatic Gains:

  • India’s proactive diplomacy driven by economic growth.
  • Positive strides in U.S.-India relations, EU cooperation, Quad consolidation, and stability in India-Russia ties.

Challenges Ahead:

  • China remains the primary challenge for India in 2024.
  • Expansion of Chinese influence in South Asia requires a strategic counter-response.

Diplomatic Focus for India:

  • Diplomatic focus on climate change, free trade agreements, digital technology expertise, and AI in economic development.
  • Multilateral engagements in G-20, BRICS, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, and UN Security Council reform.

Upcoming Parliamentary Elections:

  • The Ministry of External Affairs to project India’s parliamentary elections as a milestone in the world’s largest democracy.

Conclusion:

  • A nuanced perspective on the geopolitical future, highlighting uncertainties, diplomatic gains, challenges, and areas of focus for India in the next 12 months.
PYQ: The long-sustained image of India as a leader of the oppressed and marginalised nations has disappeared on account of its new found role in the emerging global order. Elaborate. (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2019) (250 words/15m )
Practice Question: Discuss the geopolitical challenges and diplomatic strategies in near future, emphasizing India’s role in global affairs. Provide examples and potential implications for the next 12 months. (250 words/15 m)

Similar Posts

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments