|Topic: GS2 – Governance – Government policies – Issues arising out of their design & implementation.
The topic is crucial for UPSC as it addresses challenges in India’s police system, a vital aspect of governance and law enforcement.
- Three-day conference in Jaipur in the first week of January.
- Attendees were police officers at the Director General of Police level from across India.
- Focus on Information Technology as a core agenda.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the conference and interacted with officers individually.
- Indication of growing importance attached to law enforcement in the country.
- Emphasis on the high stakes that the administration has in efficient policing.
- Police still struggle to earn the trust and confidence of the majority of the populace.
- Public image of the police remains abysmal.
- Citizens are hesitant to seek help from the police unless in extreme distress.
- Growing discord between the Centre and Opposition-led States.
- Perception of the Indian Police Service (IPS) as a ‘permanent irritant’ to some states.
- States prefer their own recruits due to perceived control issues.
- Police have become more technology-savvy.
- Increasingly educated lower echelons in the police force.
- High unemployment rates driving individuals to opt for police jobs.
- IPS officers receive disproportionate attention and glory.
- Lower ranks, like constables and sub-inspectors, lack opportunities to display talent.
- Argument against the IPS and the need for restructuring to narrow the gap between ranks.
- Lack of effort from IPS officers to educate those at the lowest levels.
- Calls for DGPs and their subordinates to spend time teaching ranks.
- Emphasis on knowledge, integrity, and genuine empathy for the common man to improve the police force’s image.
- Persistent issue of the politicization of the police force.
- Difficulty in insulating policemen from political influence.
- Recognizing the intertwined nature of this issue with the democratic system of government.
- Ensuring independence and autonomy for the police force is a long-term challenge.
|Practice Question: How can the Indian police force address the challenges of public trust, federal-state discord, and technological integration for effective governance? Discuss with policy recommendations. (250 words/15 m)