The Civil Services Examination of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is considered to be the most prestigious and difficult examination in the country. Lakhs of youths dream of serving the nation by passing this exam. Only after passing this exam, candidates get posts in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Engineering Service (IES) or Indian Foreign Service (IFS) according to their rank. However, among all these posts, most of the discussion is about IAS.
Let’s see all the aspects of the profession-
1) How to Become an IAS Officer
The IAS post is available according to the rank obtained in the UPSC Civil Services Examination. Top rankers in this exam get IAS posts, but many times the top rankers choose IPS or IFS, in such a situation even those who get lower ranks get IAS posts. Those with ranks after this get IPS and IFS posts.
2) An IAS Officer Training Process
The 3-month training of IAS takes place at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA), Mussoorie only. Also known as a foundation course. Here the candidate is given information about every sector of administration, policing and governance. Along with this, some special activities are done inside the academy, which include difficult trekking of the Himalayas for mental and physical strength.
3) What Happens Post-Training
They are sent to their cadre after training. Where they are entrusted with the administration of a particular area or department. They are given executive powers to make proposals and implement government policies for the development of their respective areas as well as take important decisions.
4) How the Cadre is Decided
The most important question after passing the UPAC exam is how to get the cadre. There are a total of 24 services in UPSC, for which candidates are selected. These are divided into two categories, the first one is All India Services. IAS (Indian Administrative Services) and IPS (Indian Police Services) also come in this service. Those who are selected in these are given cadres of states and union territories. Then on the second number are the Central Services which have Group A and Group B services.
5) Posting Process of an IAS
The first posting of an IAS officer is as a Sub Divisional Magistrate. After this, they get promoted to the post of District Magistrate and Deputy Commissioner. IAS officers are needed on the posts of central and state secretariats, who work as PSU heads. Apart from working at the district level, an IAS also works as a Cabinet Secretary as well as Joint Secretary, Deputy Secretary and Under Secretary. This is the highest post in India on which only an IAS officer can be posted. The top post in the state is also that of the Chief Secretary who is an IAS.
6) Responsibilities and Power of IAS Officer
The IAS officer is very powerful as the District Magistrate. An IS has the responsibility of all the departments in the district. As the District Magistrate, he is the head of the police department as well as other departments. The District Magistrate is also responsible for the police system of the district. Only one DM takes all the decisions related to law and order like prohibition, section 144 etc. in the district. DM can also give orders like firing or taking action on the crowd. The IAS officers are controlled by the Department of Personnel and Training and the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.