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Prelims Answer Writing

One of the key components of these exams is the written test, which consists of a number of essay and comprehension questions. Candidates are expected to write clear and well-structured answers that demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of the topics being tested.

2-August-2023

Q1. Which of the following statements correctly explains the impact of the Industrial Revolution on India during the first half of the nineteenth century?


a) Indian handicrafts were ruined.
b) Machines were introduced in the Indian textile industry in large numbers. 
c) Railway lines were laid in many parts of the country. 
d) Heavy duties were imposed on the imports of British manufacturers.

Q1.Solution A

Explanation:

During the first half of the 19th century, British policies turned India into an exporter of raw materials and a consumer of finished products. Also, because of Industrial Revolution in Britain, new machines were invented which were used to make handicraft products that were not just cheap but also of good quality, which led to a downfall in demand for Indian handicraft products in the domestic market too. Already they were unable to sell Indian goods to Britain because of high tariffs. All this led to the ruins of Indian handicrafts.

Q2. Consider the following statements
Statement (S): Indian National Congress had collaborated/assisted the British in IInd World War. 
Reason (R): Because they were expecting to complete independence.
Code : 
A. (S) and (R) are individually true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (S). 
B. Both (S) and (R) are false. 
C. (S) is true, but (R) is false. 
D. (R) is true, but (S) is false.

Q2.Solution B

Explanation:

During the Second World War, the proposal approved by Indian National Congress criticised Nazism, Fascism and the Nazi invasion of Poland. It was declared under the recommendation that India could not take part in any such war being fought to protect democratic liberty while being deprived of liberty. Therefore, both the statement and the reason are incorrect.

Q3. What was the policy of the Indian National Congress during IInd World War?


a) Cooperation of Britain in the case of assurance of Complete Independence. 
b) Active collaboration of British (Britain) 
c) Neutrality 
d) None of the above.

Q3. Solution A

Explanation:

 When World War II broke out in 1939, Britain made India belligerent without consulting Indian elected councils and declared the Emergency. That action angered Indian officials and prompted the Congress Party to declare that India would not support the war until it had been granted Complete Independence.

Q4. Consider the following statements:

Assertion (A): The Congress Ministries in all the provinces resigned in the year 1939.

Reason (R): Congress did not accept the decision of the Viceroy to declare War against Germany in the context of the Second World War.

Code:

  1. (A) and (R) are individually true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
  2. (A) and (R) are individually true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
  3. Both (A) and (R) are false.
  4. (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

Q4. Solution A

Explanation:

On October 17, 1939, Lord Linlithgow declared India in the war against Germany. Congress cabinets had resigned from all the provinces for declaring war without the consent of the Indian Legislature. Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

Q5. How of the following are a result of Bretton Woods conference?

  1. United Nations
  2. World Bank
  3. International Monetary fund
  4. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade(GATT)

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. One only
  2. Two only
  3. Three only
  4. All four

Q5. Solution B

Explanation:

  • In Bretton Woods conference(1944), IMF & World bank  were designed to meet financial needs of industrial countries for reconstruction. Thus, both organisations are called the Bretton Woods twins).
  • A Marshall Plan was concluded in 1947, under which loans to rebuild Europe via World Bank.
  • John Maynard Keynes and Harry Dexter White were its founding fathers.
  • US had largest influence on these organisations.
  • World Bank funded all the projects & IMF regulated the exchange of world currencies.

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