Topic: GS1 – Indian Society
- PM Narendra Modi launched the ₹24,000-crore PM-PVTG Development Mission and Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra.
- Aims to reach 75 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in the country, focusing on their development.
- Objectives of the PM-PVTG Development Mission: Address basic amenity gaps for PVTGs, moving beyond mere classification and counting.
- Focus on bringing together people and ensuring government scheme saturation in tribal districts.
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) are a group of tribal communities in India that are considered to be the most vulnerable in terms of their socioeconomic status and cultural identity.
Here are some of the key characteristics of PVTGs:
- Small population size:PVTGs typically have very small population sizes, often numbering in the hundreds or even dozens. This makes them particularly vulnerable to extinction.
- Isolation:PVTGs often live in remote and inaccessible areas, which can make it difficult for them to access basic services such as education, healthcare, and employment.
- Lack of access to basic amenities:PVTGs often lack access to basic amenities such as clean water, sanitation, and electricity. This can have a significant impact on their health and well-being.
- Cultural vulnerability:PVTGs often have unique cultures and traditions that are at risk of disappearing. This is due to a number of factors, including globalization, urbanization, and assimilation into mainstream society.
The Indian government has taken a number of steps to protect PVTGs, including:
- Reservations:PVTGs are given preferential treatment in terms of education, employment, and access to government services.
- Tribal Sub-Plan:The Tribal Sub-Plan is a special allocation of funds within the national development plan that is specifically earmarked for PVTGs.
- Forest Rights Act: The Forest Rights Act of 2006 recognizes the traditional rights of PVTGs to forest land and resources.
Despite these efforts, PVTGs continue to face a number of challenges. One of the biggest challenges is ensuring that their unique cultures and traditions are preserved. Another challenge is ensuring that they have access to the same opportunities as other communities in India.
Question: What are the key characteristics of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in India? What steps has the Indian government taken to protect PVTGs?