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Indian Express

11-September-2023

The Indian Express, CSE candidates can stay informed about current events and developments in India and around the world.

1) India sets the benchmark at G20 summit

Context:

  • India successfully hosted the G20 summit in New Delhi.
  • This article will discuss how India’s presidency of the G20 has given the weight and influence that India has rarely experienced in its past.

What were the key highlights?

  • India managed to reach a consensus with all the 20 members on a statement that includes a lengthy section on the Ukraine war, and addresses key global issues, including climate change, gender equality, SDG goals, financial inclusion as well as terrorism and money laundering.
  • This summit along with the 200 meetings held across the country brought the diversity, colour and talent of the Indian people onto the world stage with a new frenzy and confidence.
    • This would help in India getting perceived as the key destination for dialogue and debate over the most contentious of issues, while experiencing the most breathtaking hospitality.
  • The announcement of the economic corridor connecting Europe with the Middle East and India through a combination of rail and sea routes during the summit could be seen as a response to the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative.
  • Under the theme of India’s presidency Vasudhaiva kutumbakam — “one earth, one family one future”, India managed to retain its core values, and its space as well as its conscience in spite of the fact that there was the pressure of adhering to a system of politics and principles based on practical but instead chose to stick to moral or ideological principles.
  • It remains to be seen if the Global South becomes a useful analytical category in the years to come, but India has clearly become the voice for an alternative vision.
  • Its success in making the African Union a full member of the G20 and getting the summit to accept the need to reform multilateral development banks and provide more funds for climate finance and sustainable development will help boost its standing in the Global South.

Way Forward:

  • The G20 Summit demonstrated India’s convening power, and its ability to generate a consensus at a platform, whose genesis may have been in the financial crises, but today is arguably the most important forum engaged with the world’s most consequential problems.

2) At G20, India and Bharat

Context:

  • India’s presidency of the G20 has adopted a different take on its global partnership and cooperation model.
  • This article would discuss the key events that were organized during this summit under India’s presidency.

India’s approach:

  • With India at G20’s helm, it is no longer the Global North setting the narrative for the world at large which used to be the case earlier but the Global South reaffirming its ambitions on issues that determine the world’s fate: Economy, energy, climate and culture.

Public Participation (Jan Bhagidari)

  • Under India’s presidency it no longer remained a defunct top-down diplomacy but a bottom-up citizen-centric model of jan-bhagidari, touted as a new diplomatic tool.
  • Not only have, the people, come to realise the meaning of vasudhaiva kutumbakam, but they have truly realised its essence.
  • The idea of jan-bhagidari is not restricted to public participation. It puts people-centric solutions at the forefront, emphasising indigenous knowledge systems and solution-oriented actions.
  • With the massive outreach done in the past year by several G20 members and its engagement groups across India’s small towns and cities, we have managed to put global issues in a local perspective and transport local ideas to the global town hall.

Benefits of such outreach programmes:

  • By conducting such outreach programmes across universities, colleges and schools throughout the country, it has led to the glocalization of global issues involving the youth’s participation.
  • Meetings and summits of the various G20 engagement groups taking place across the length and breadth of India have sensitised the global community to the fact that there is an India beyond New Delhi and Mumbai.
  • This has truly built a bridge that has brought India and Bharat together at the same time on the world stage.

Concept of Welfare state:

  • In the post-colonial world, the essence and value of the concept of the welfare state became very important in India, part of whose heritage are the concepts of antyodaya (welfare of those on the lowest rungs of society) and sarvodaya (universal upliftment).
  • In this G20 summit participants from different sections of society engaged with critical G20 themes like gender, health, start-ups, civil societies, and science.
  • The presidency and ongoing G20 summit give India an excellent opportunity to promote these ideas and conceptual understanding of equality and sustainable development.
  • The Indian government’s aim is to carry forward developmental activities and state action in a direction that allows for the holistic development of all citizens.

Labour 20

  • It deliberated upon issues of security universalisation, portability of social security funds, and social protection for informal workers and the future of women in the workforce.
  • All the major trade unions have come together to work in a collaborative way to structure a mechanism and address the issues of social security funds and women’s workforce.
  • Labour 20 programmes covered various cross-sections of the workforce from sanitation to beedi and uranium mines workers.
  • Labour20 was woven around women-centric activities to create women led economies and several events saw participation of over 5,000 women.

Village Haats

  • “Village haats” were organized to promote locally-sourced products, and to showcase the region’s cultural and developmental accomplishments.
  • Greater emphasis on the promotion of indigenous knowledge and folk culture was laid, with a commitment to bolster women-led developmental initiatives, aimed at nurturing economic expansion and fostering gender empowerment within the region.

How have G20 events contributed?

  • G20 events have contributed both in infrastructural, informational and institutional development in different parts of the country.
  • They have brought together not only civil society but also self-help groups, small rural initiatives and local action groups hitherto delinked to global dialogue and narratives.
  • They have contributed to the economic mobility of various social groups by providing economic opportunities, constructing a framework, and preserving cultural and historical memories of society.

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