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PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU

23-September -2023

Daily Current Affairs For UPSC ,The PIB ( Press Information Bureau )

1. Department of Fisheries is promoting Artificial Reef (AR) under PMMSY for rejuvenating coastal fisheries

 Topic: GS3 – Food security

Context:

  • Department of Fisheries has sanctioned 732 artificial reef units, these reef units are for 10 coastal states in India.
  • The total investment for this initiative is Rs 126 crore.
  • This project falls under the “Integrated Modern Coastal Fishing Villages” sub-activity.
  • It is part of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) of Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY).

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY):

  • Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) is a government scheme in India.
  • The scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
  • It aims to promote sustainable and inclusive development in the fisheries sector.
  • The scheme encompasses both inland and marine fisheries.
  • PMMSY focuses on enhancing fish production and productivity.
  • It supports modernizing and upgrading the fishing infrastructure.
  • The scheme also aims to create employment opportunities in the fisheries and aquaculture sector.
  • PMMSY encourages the adoption of new technologies and best practices in fishing.
  • The scheme seeks to ensure food security and nutritional support for the population.
  • PMMSY is aligned with the goal of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.
  • It plays a crucial role in sustainable marine and inland water resource management.

Importance of Artificial Reef (AR) marine conservation:

  • Increase fish populations:ARs provide a place for fish to spawn, feed, and shelter. This can lead to an increase in fish populations in the area.
  • Protect marine habitats: ARs can help to protect marine habitats from damage caused by fishing gear and other human activities.
  • Restore degraded habitats:ARs can be used to restore degraded marine habitats, such as coral reefs that have been damaged by climate change or pollution.
  • Enhance biodiversity:ARs can attract a variety of marine life, including fish, invertebrates, and algae. This can increase the biodiversity of the area.
  • Provide recreational opportunities: ARs can be used to create recreational opportunities for people, such as snorkeling, diving, and fishing.

Mains question: Discuss the importance of artificial reefs (ARs) for marine conservation. What are the challenges and opportunities associated with the use of ARs?

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1959725

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