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PIB Summary for UPSC

24-January -2024

1.Indian Renewable Energy company - ACME and Japanese heavy industry major IHI and sign one of the largest pact to supply Green Ammonia from India to Japan.

Topic: GS2 – International relations – Bilateral Relations. The India-Japan green energy partnership, led by Minister R. K. Singh, showcases India’s global leadership in sustainable hydrogen and ammonia production, crucial for UPSC aspirants.
  • India, under Minister R. K. Singh, aims to lead in global green hydrogen and ammonia production.
  • ACME and IHI signed a landmark agreement for 0.4 MMTPA green ammonia supply from Odisha to Japan, emphasizing a comprehensive, emissions-reducing partnership.
 Additional information on this news:
  • India, aims to become a major global manufacturer of green hydrogen and green ammonia.
  • The India-Japan Clean Energy Partnership, initiated by Prime Ministers Narendra Modi and Fumio Kishida, fosters collaboration between the two nations in the renewable energy sector.
  • ACME Group and IHI Corporation signed a significant agreement for the supply of 0.4 MMTPA of green ammonia from Odisha, India, to Japan.
  • The comprehensive term sheet covers the entire value chain, from production to logistics and supply, with a focus on reducing emissions in power generation and various industrial applications in Japan.
  • This agreement is recognized as one of the first and largest in the world in the field of green hydrogen and green ammonia.
  • Minister R. K. Singh emphasized the strategic importance of the partnership with Japan, highlighting India’s competitiveness in meeting the substantial green hydrogen and green ammonia requirements of developed countries like Japan.
  • The partnership signifies a pivotal shift towards replacing fossil fuels with renewable alternatives, contributing to a global reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Ambassador Hiroshi Suzuki expressed Japan’s unwavering support and urged the early signing of a Green Hydrogen and Green Ammonia Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) between the two governments.
  • The green hydrogen and ammonia project in Gopalpur, Odisha, by ACME, aims to have a phased capacity of 1.2 MMTPA, with the first production anticipated by 2027, contributing to a 54 million-ton CO2 equivalent reduction over its life cycle.
More about Green Ammonia
Green Ammonia Uses:
  • Fertilizer: Green ammonia can be used as a carbon-neutral alternative to traditional ammonia-based fertilizers, crucial for sustainable food production.
  • Energy storage: Due to its ease of storage and existing infrastructure, green ammonia can store excess renewable energy like solar or wind for later use.
  • Hydrogen carrier: Ammonia acts as a safe and efficient way to transport hydrogen, enabling wider utilization of this clean fuel.
  • Shipping fuel: Green ammonia has the potential to decarbonize the maritime sector by replacing fossil fuels in ship engines.
  • Power generation: Ammonia can be converted back to hydrogen and used in fuel cells or gas turbines for clean electricity generation.
  • Industrial feedstock: Green ammonia can be used in various industrial processes, including the production of plastics, textiles, and pharmaceuticals.
  • Future potential: Ongoing research explores additional uses in aviation, steel production, and heating applications.
PYQ: ‘The time has come for India and Japan to build a strong contemporary relationship, one involving global and strategic partnership that will have a great significance for Asia and the world as a whole.’ Comment. (250 words/15m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2019)

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