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PIB Summary for UPSC

29-January -2024

1. PM inaugurates Diamond Jubilee celebration of Supreme Court.

Topic: GS2 – Indian Polity – Judiciary
Critical for UPSC as it covers Prime Minister’s vision for the judiciary, legal reforms, and technological advancements in India.
Context:
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Supreme Court’s 75th anniversary, launching digital initiatives, including Digital Supreme Court Reports and Digital Courts 2.0.
  • He emphasized modernizing laws, improving justice accessibility, and the need for seamless legal transitions.
Additional information on this news:
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Diamond Jubilee celebration of the Supreme Court of India on January 28, 2024.
  • The Prime Minister launched several citizen-centric information and technology initiatives, including Digital Supreme Court Reports (Digi SCR), Digital Courts 2.0, and a new bilingual website for the Supreme Court in English and Hindi.
  • PM Modi emphasized the role of the Supreme Court in upholding the principles of freedom, equality, and justice, stating that it has strengthened India’s vibrant democracy.
  • The Prime Minister noted milestone judgments on individual rights and freedom of speech that have influenced the nation’s socio-political environment positively.
  • PM Modi outlined the goals for the next 25 years, stating that today’s economic policies will shape the future of a vibrant India, and the laws being made today will strengthen the nation.
  • He stressed the importance of ease of justice as the right of every Indian citizen and commended the Chief Justice for efforts to improve it.
  • The Prime Minister announced the approval of Rs 800 crore for the expansion of the Supreme Court Building Complex, acknowledging the need for better physical infrastructure.
  • PM Modi highlighted the government’s commitment to making the Supreme Court accessible to remote areas, with a focus on the E-Courts Mission Project’s third phase, which has four times more funds than the second phase.
  • The Prime Minister expressed happiness about the digitization of all courts in the country, including the availability of Supreme Court decisions in digital format and the translation of decisions into local languages.
  • PM Modi acknowledged the use of AI in translating his address in real-time and suggested similar technology implementation in courts for the convenience of the common people.
  • He emphasized the need for laws to reflect Indian values and modernity, mentioning the government’s initiatives in abolishing outdated colonial criminal laws and introducing new legislation.
  • PM Modi urged a seamless transition from old laws to new ones, emphasizing the importance of training and capacity-building initiatives for government officials.
  • The Prime Minister underscored the crucial role of a robust justice system as the foundation of a developed India and acknowledged the collective responsibility of citizens towards realizing India’s vision by 2047.
History of Supreme Court of India
  • The Supreme Court of India was established on January 28, 1950, replacing the Federal Court of India.
  • Originally, the court was located in the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament building before moving to its present location in New Delhi.
  • Harilal Jekisundas Kania was the first Chief Justice of India, serving from 1950 to 1951.
  • The Supreme Court’s jurisdiction extends over constitutional, civil, and criminal matters, acting as the guardian of the Constitution.
  •  Landmark cases, such as Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala (1973), have played a crucial role in shaping the interpretation of the Indian Constitution.
  • The collegium system, which involves a group of top judges recommending appointments and transfers of judges, has been a subject of debate and reform over the years.
  • The Supreme Court has played a pivotal role in protecting fundamental rights and ensuring the rule of law in India’s democratic framework.
PYQ: The most significant achievement of modern law in India in the constitutional isolation of environmental problems by the Supreme Court. Discuss this statement with the help of relevant case laws. (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2022) (150 words/10 m)
Practice Question: Examine the historical development of the Supreme Court of India and its constitutional role. (250 words/15 m)

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