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8 June 2024 : PIB Summary For UPSC

1. CSC signs MoU to convert 10,000 FPOs into CSCs

Topic: GS2 – Governance  GS3 –  Agriculture
  • The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between CSC SPV and the Ministry of Agriculture aims to convert 10,000 Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) into Common Service Centers (CSCs).
  • This initiative enhances rural digital empowerment by providing citizen-centric services and training opportunities in agriculture.

Importance of this move:

  • Enhanced Access: Conversion of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) into Common Service Centers (CSCs) expands access to citizen-centric services for rural communities.
  What are Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs)?
  • Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) are collective entities formed by farmers to enhance their bargaining power in the marketplace.
  • These organisations enable farmers to collectively undertake activities such as production, processing, marketing, and selling of agricultural produce.
  • FPOs aim to improve the socio-economic status of farmers by providing access to resources, technology, and markets, thereby increasing their income and ensuring sustainable agricultural practices.
 What are Common Service Centers (CSCs)?
  • Common Service Centers (CSCs) are access points that provide various government and business services to rural and remote areas of India.
  • These centres are operated by local entrepreneurs known as Village Level Entrepreneurs (VLEs).
  • CSCs offer a wide range of services including digital literacy, telemedicine, banking, insurance, utility bill payments, and government schemes enrollment.
  • They play a crucial role in bridging the digital divide and promoting e-governance and digital empowerment in rural India.
  • Empowerment: Farmers gain access to training and capacity-building opportunities, empowering them with knowledge and skills.
  • Efficiency: CSCs streamline service delivery, reducing time and effort required for farmers to access essential services.
  • Cost Reduction: Aggregation of agricultural produce through FPOs can lead to economies of scale, reducing production costs for farmers.
  • Income Generation: By enhancing bargaining power and market access, FPOs can potentially increase farmers’ incomes.
  • Digital Integration: Integration with the Digital Seva Portal enables FPOs to leverage digital platforms for efficient service delivery.
  • Government Schemes: Facilitates access to various government schemes such as Direct Benefit Transfer, crop insurance, and subsidy programs.
  • Employment Opportunities: Increased service provision through CSCs creates employment opportunities in rural areas.
  • Sustainable Development: Promotes sustainable agriculture practices and contributes to the overall development of rural communities.
Practice Question:  Discuss the significance of converting Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) into Common Service Centers (CSCs) in rural India’s socio-economic development. (150 Words /10 marks)

(Source – https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=2023445)

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