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The Hindu Editorial

28-October-2023

1. Women can make the world better.

Topic: GS3 – gender equality.

Gender Disparities in Economics

  • Historically, economic history has focused on men and their contributions, as evidenced by the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
  • The Nobel Prize has been awarded to significantly more men (90) than women (3), with Elinor Ostrom, Esther Duflo, and Claudia Goldin being the female laureates.
  • Claudia Goldin’s work delves into the gender pay gap and why women earn less than men for similar work.

Economic Science and Women’s Work

  • Economics primarily measures natural and human resources in monetary terms, often neglecting the value of women’s work in the family and caregiving.
  • Women’s contributions to family well-being do not directly contribute to economic growth and GDP.
  • This can lead to women being considered less valuable in economic enterprises due to their potential limitations in full-time employment.

Changing Global Employment Trends

  • Global patterns of economic growth are shifting towards more gig economy and informal sector jobs.
  • Long-term employment is becoming scarcer, even in industrial establishments.
  • These trends pose challenges for countries like India with a large youth population seeking dignified work and social security.

Role of Care-Giving in India

  • India, despite rapid economic growth, ranks low in human development (132 out of 191 countries).
  • Care-giving work, often done by women in the domestic and community sectors, is undervalued and poorly compensated.
  • There is a need to invest in care-giving services to improve human development.

India’s Vision and SDGs

  • India is calling for a human-centric development approach and challenges the GDP-driven vision of globalization.
  • Policymakers aim to bring more women into industrial establishments to boost GDP, potentially disrupting their family and caregiving roles.
  • The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require a new approach to achieve progress, as the current one is off-track.

Bottom-Up Solutions and the Feminine View of the Economy

  • Complex problems, including those related to environment, livelihood, health, and infrastructure, should be solved bottom-up by communities.
  • Local solutions, cooperatively developed and adapted, are crucial to achieving the SDGs.
  • A paradigm shift in economics is needed to embrace a feminine view of the economy that values cooperation, equity, and sustainability.

Power Shift and Institutional Reforms

  • Paradigm shifts require a shift in power, which can be challenging for those in positions of authority.
  • The traditional hierarchy of power based on money, political authority, and formal education must evolve.
  • Women should have the freedom to shape inclusive institutions, and local communities should have greater decision-making power in designing sustainable solutions.

Conclusion: Vision of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam

  • To realize the vision of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” (One Family, One Earth, One Future), fundamental institutional reforms are necessary to empower women and local communities.

Question: How can a paradigm shift in economics, focusing on cooperation, equity, and sustainability, be achieved to empower women and promote inclusive and sustainable development?

2. A China-India partnership, its vast global potential

Topic: GS2 – International relations.

Global Challenges and the Need for Responses

  • The world is facing interconnected traditional and non-traditional security threats.
  • Global deficits in peace, development, security, and governance are growing.
  • The crisis in Ukraine and conflicts in West Asia raise profound questions about the state of the world and how to respond.

Opportunity for China and India

  • China and India, as Asian civilizations, have shared thoughts on the future and the welfare of humanity.
  • The “Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence” were jointly initiated in the 1950s, setting norms for international relations.
  • Both nations, as large developing countries with over one billion populations, can provide Oriental wisdom and illuminate the path forward for mankind.

China’s vision of a Global Community of Shared Future

  • The vision emphasizes lasting peace, common security, mutual development, and ecological protection.
  • It has gained international recognition and support, especially from developing countries.
  • The vision includes key points such as economic globalization, peaceful development, new international relations, and true multilateralism.

Key Vision Points

  • Economic Globalization: Reject unilateralism, protectionism, and the zero-sum game for a more open world economy.
  • Peaceful Development: Pursue peace as a fundamental need for global development and cooperation.
  • New International Relations: Avoid Thucydides trap, build common ground, uphold mutual respect, equity, and justice.
  • True Multilateralism: Promote fairness and the international system with the United Nations at its core.
  • Common Values: Promote peace, development, equity, justice, democracy, and freedom respecting diverse social systems.

China’s Contributions to the Vision

  • China has contributed to building a global community of a shared future through actions like the Belt and Road Initiative and Global Initiatives.
  • These initiatives address global challenges in development, security, and civilization.
  • China and India, with a third of the global population, can work together to demonstrate the Global South’s commitment to an open, inclusive, and peaceful world. 

Conclusion:

         China and India have the opportunity to collaborate in realizing a global community of a shared future and addressing the world’s pressing challenges.

3. India must leverage ties with Qatar to free its citizens facing death penalty.

Topic: GS2 – International relations.

Qatari Court’s Death Sentence for Indians

  • A Qatari court handed down a death sentence to eight Indians accused of espionage.
  • The trial was secretive, with limited information on charges and evidence.
  • Despite pleas from families and Indian diplomats, Qatar hasn’t disclosed details or shared the judgment.

Espionage Accusations

  • The accused, former Indian Navy servicemen, were arrested in August 2022.
  • Leaked reports suggest they were accused of sharing secret information about a stealth submarine program with a third country, which their families deny.

Diplomatic and Trade Relations

  • India-Qatar ties have been relatively positive, with strategic and defense agreements.
  • India sources 40% of its LNG needs from Qatar, and 7,00,000 Indian expatriates contribute significantly to Qatar’s institutions, industry, and workforce.

Need for Diplomatic Action

  • A rift in ties would harm both countries.
  • India should act swiftly to ensure the accused receive the best support in an appeal.
  • Diplomatic channels should be activated at the highest levels, including the Prime Minister if necessary.
  • Clemency and sentence commutation must be sought if the men are found guilty in the appeals process.

Geopolitical Considerations

  • Some reports suggest geopolitical factors, including differences over India’s policy on Israel and Palestine, might be tied to the verdict.
  • Regardless of geopolitical considerations, the Indian government should prioritize the lives of its citizens and uphold its “no Indian left behind” policy.

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