Q. Do you think there is a need to remove the distinction between groundwater and surface water resources for effective conservation and management? (150 words)
Introduction: According to the NITI Aayog’s composite water management index, 75% of households in India do not have access to drinking water on their premises. This is despite having 4000km3 of water available through precipitation.
The separation of key bodies, such as the Central Water Commission and the Central Groundwater Commission, and separate programs for the development and augmentation of water resources is a bad policy that exacerbates the situation.
Problems of Considering them Separate:
Groundwater and surface water can be seen as interconnected:
Given the emerging challenges of Climate Change, India needs to quickly adapt by adopting better policy and water management strategies. India’s umbrella schemes, such as Jal Shakti Abhiyan, River interlinking projects and Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, must be aligned with the objectives of Atal Bhujal mission.
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