UNICEF Full Form: United Nations’ Child Protection Arm

UNICEF Full Form 

The full form of UNICEF is the United Nations Children’s Fund. The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund is the most common name given to it.

Unicef Full Form- Upsc Notes
Unicef Full Form: United Nations Children’s Fund


This innovative UN project works to improve the general health of women and children who are in dire need all across the world.

What is UNICEF?

The United Nations General Assembly established the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), formerly known as United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, on 11 December 1946, with the goal of providing children and mothers in nations devastated by World War ll with emergency food and medical care. The long term needs of women and children in poor nations worldwide were added to UNICEF’s mandate in 1950. The adjective “International” and “Emergency” were removed from the organization’s name in 1953 when it became an official member of the United Nations System, but it kept its original abbreviation, “UNICEF.”

The US state of New York is the home to UNICEF’s headquarters. It may be found in 192 nations and territories.

UNICEF’ accomplishments

UNICEF received several accolades, some of which are listed below:

  • Nobel Peace Prize in 1965. 
  • Indira Gandhi Prize in 1989.
  • Princess of Asturias Award in 2006.

Functions of UNICEF

The functions of the United Nations ChilderFund (UNICEF) are numerous. 

  1. vaccination and disease prevention 
  2. Treating children and mothers with HIV
  3. Enhancing nutrition for mothers and children 
  4. Promoting education 
  5. Providing aid in the events of emergencies 
  6. Promoting well being and nutrition of children
  7. Safe water and sanitation 
  8. Quality education and skill development 
  9. Protecting children and adolescents from violence and exploitation 
  10. Providing protection and rehabilitation to child refugees 
  11. Making inclusive and safe spaces for kids with disabilities 
  12. Extending long term support to children at risk during natural disasters, public health and political emergencies.
  13. Supplies paper to publish textbooks and literature to facilitate learning among children 
  14. Providing training and funds to health and sanitation workers.

UNICEF History

United Nations Children'S Fund History

In order to help children impacted by the Second World War in Europe, the United Nations established the International Children’s Emergency Fund in 1946. The group became a permanent member of the UN in 1953. As a result, the United Nations Children Fund was adopted as the new name.

Later, in order to promote children’s rights in other places, UNICEF expanded the scope of its work in the 1960s. As a consequence of its efforts with children, it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965. The program’s focus on women’s rights, particularly for mothers in underdeveloped countries, significantly expanded its purview. It established the Women in Development Programme in 1980 as a result of these efforts. In 1982, UNICEF also started a second health initiative. The Revolution in Child Survival and Development Revolution prioritized encouraging breastfeeding, tracking development, and using oral rehydration treatment. 


Since 1949, UNICEF(United Nations Children’s Fund) has worked to advance children’s rights and wellbeing across India. Given that India has the biggest number of children in the world, India is home to UNICEF’s programmes and operations. UNICEF’s initiatives are designed to address the main issues that affect children and youth, such as exposure to violence and exploitation, poor health, hunger, and a lack of education. 

With the goal of implementing policies and programmes that enhance the lives of children and their families, UNICEF collaborates closely with the Indian government, Civil society organizations, and other partners, In India, a few of UNICEF’s primary areas of interest are:

Health and Nutrition: 

Immunization, maternity and child health, and nutrition are among the fundamental healthcare services that UNICEF strives to increase access to. Additionally, it aids in the prevention and treatment of communicable infectious diseases.


UNICEF strives to increase all children’s access to high quality education, with a particular emphasis on womens and children from underprivileged backgrounds. Additionally it backs initiatives aimed at fortifying educational systems and raising the standard of instructions.

Protection of children:

UNICEF strives to shield young people from all types of abuse, exploitation, and violence, including child labour, child marriage, human trafficking and internet exploitation. Additionally it backs initiatives that bolster children safety nets and encourage responsible parenting.

Access to clean water:

UNICEF strives to increase access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene facilities, especially in the rural and isolated areas. Additionally it backs efforts aimed at changing behavior to encourage healthy habits and stop the spread of illness.

Emergency response:

UNICEF provides emergency relief and assistance to impacted children and families in India in the event of crises and disaster.

UNICEF’s 2015-2025 Strategic Plan

The organization’s unshakable commitment to advancing the rights of all children, whenever, is embodied in the UNICEF Strategic Plan, 2022-2025. It takes place at a crucial juncture, when the human rights of children are under attack to an extent not seen in over ten years. It is the first of two plans that will follow until 2030 and emphasize the UN Children’s Emergency Fund’s commitment to the child focused Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in all situations. It therefore provides a wide framework.

In order to achieve an inclusive recovery from COVID-19, accelerate the achievement of the SDGs, and realize a society where all children are involved and free from prejudice, coordinated actions will be directed by the strategic plan.

The overall work of UNICEF’s India is to guarantee that no child is left behind and to advance the rights and welfare of all children. The plan was shaped by the opinion of children, families, governments, UN sister organization, business, civil society and other stakeholders. It outlines the main objectives of the programme along with a number of related outcomes areas, changes management techniques, and facilitators, such as creative or accelerated approaches to mental health, social protection and climate action. 

FAQ’s Related to UNICEF full Form

What is UNICEF?

The United Nations Children’s Fund, or UNICEF, works in the most difficult areas of the globe to reach the most underprivileged kids and teenagers and to defend the rights of all children, everywhere.

Where is UNICEF located?

In order to reach tge children and young people who are most in need, UNICEF works in more than 190 nations and territories as well as the most difficult locations on earth.

Where is the funding for UNICEF coming from?

The whole funding for UNCEF’s activities comes from the voluntary contributions of millions of individuals worldwide as well as our partners in the public, corporate, and civil society sectors.

How is UNICEF held responsible for its actions?

UNICEF has a well established Information Disclosure Policy that clearly states the organization’s commitment to providing the public with information about its programmes and activities. UNICEF offers public access to operational and programme data via its Transparency Portal, in accordance with the terms of the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATA) in an open and public manner. 

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