Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

Ancient India Free UPSC Notes Download

Ancient India

1.What Is History

2.The Stone Age

3.Chalcolithic (Stone Copper Age)

4.Harappan Civilisation (3300BCE- 1300BCE)

5.Various aspects of Harappan Civilisation

6.The decline of Harappan culture

7.Vedic Culture

8.Later Vedic Phase

9.The Mahajanapadas

10.Persian and Greek Invasions

11.Religious Traditions: Jainism, Buddhism And Shramanism

12.Mauryan Empire(321BC-185BC)

13.Understanding Mauryan society

14.Sources of Mauryan History and Ashoka’s Edicts

15.Post Mauryan Age

16.Megalith and Sangam Age

17.Age of Satvahanas

18.The Gupta Empire (from 240AD to 455AD)

19.India during its Golden Age

20.The Deccan states of Ancient India (300-750 AD)

21.The Post Gupta Age

Everything-You-Know-About-Padmagupta-99Notes-Upsc
Everything You need to know about Padmagupta when Prepraring for UPSC
A court poet of the Parmara king Sindhuraja (r. 990s CE). Padmagupta is the author of a Sanskrit epic,...
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The Deccan states of Ancient India (300-750 AD)
After the fall of Kushanas in the North and Satvahana in the south, several minor powers emerged, as...
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Post Gupta Period UPSC Notes for IAS Exam
Post Gupta Period The Post-Gupta period marks a transformative era in Indian history, characterized by...
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Golden Age of India: Gupta Period Notes for UPSC
The Gupta Age was a Golden age of Economy, Literature, Science, Mathematics, Astronomy and Art, even...
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Gupta Empire - Golden Age of India: History, Expansion, Major Rulers, Administration & Decline
Gupta Empire The Kushanas and the Satvahanas became weaker in the middle of the 3rd century after providing...
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Satavahana Dynasty: History, Rulers, Administration, Society, Art & Architecture- UPSC Notes
Satvahanas succeeded the Mauryan Empire in Deccan and Central India. They are considered to be identical...
Megalith And Sangam Age
Megalith and Sangam Age
Megaliths A megalith is a large stone used alone or in conjunction with other stones to build a prehistoric...
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Post Mauryan Period UPSC Notes
The period from 200 BCE onwards is known as Post-Mauryan Period. It did not witness a large empire like...
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Sources of Mauryan Empire and Ashoka’s Edicts - UPSC Notes
We have several sources that help us to reconstruct the Mauryan empire. These can be classified as either...
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Mauryan Society - UPSC Notes
Mauryan Economy Both National and international trade grew during the Mauryan times. Several Important...
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A court poet of the Parmara king Sindhuraja (r. 990s CE). Padmagupta is the author of a Sanskrit epic,...
The-Deccan-State-Of-Ancient-India-99Notes-Upsc
The Deccan states of Ancient India (300-750 AD)
After the fall of Kushanas in the North and Satvahana in the south, several minor powers emerged, as...
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Post Gupta Period UPSC Notes for IAS Exam
Post Gupta Period The Post-Gupta period marks a transformative era in Indian history, characterized by...
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Golden Age of India: Gupta Period Notes for UPSC
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Satavahana Dynasty: History, Rulers, Administration, Society, Art & Architecture- UPSC Notes
Satvahanas succeeded the Mauryan Empire in Deccan and Central India. They are considered to be identical...
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Megalith and Sangam Age
Megaliths A megalith is a large stone used alone or in conjunction with other stones to build a prehistoric...
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Post Mauryan Period UPSC Notes
The period from 200 BCE onwards is known as Post-Mauryan Period. It did not witness a large empire like...
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Sources of Mauryan Empire and Ashoka’s Edicts - UPSC Notes
We have several sources that help us to reconstruct the Mauryan empire. These can be classified as either...
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Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

11.Religious Traditions: Jainism, Buddhism And Shramanism

In the post-Vedic period, a significant change occurred in the nature of Religious practices in India. We see the emergence of new religious movements such as Jainism and Buddhism, which impacted society, the polity and the administration for centuries to come.

Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

12.Mauryan Empire(321BC-185BC)

Under the Nanda dynasty rule (343BC to 321BC), Magadha was a formidable power during Alexander's invasion (326BC). But the Magadh reached its peak during the Mauryan empire. First time in the history of India, a large part of the Indian subcontinent, extending up to the far northwest, was under a single paramount power, the Mauryan empire.

Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

13.Understanding Mauryan society

Indica wrongly identifies that society was divided into seven distinct groups (genos) - philosophers, cultivators, hunters and herders, artisans and traders, overseers (spies) and the king's counsellors. More relevant sources indicate that society was based on endogamous Varnas. For example, Kautilya mentions 15 mixed castes named Antyavasayin(living at the end).

Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

14.Sources of Mauryan History and Ashoka’s Edicts

We have several sources that help us to reconstruct the Mauryan empire. These can be classified as either literary sources or Archaeological sources.

Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

15.Post Mauryan Age

The period from 200 BCE onwards is known as Post-Mauryan Age. It did not witness a large empire like the Mauryas but is known for its intimate contact between Central Asia and India.

Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

16.Megalith and Sangam Age

The History of South India in the Iron Age is marked by the Megalithic burials and the Sangam literature. We can recreate the history of this era with the aid of these burial sites and the Sangam literature.

Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

17.Age of Satvahanas

Satvahanas succeeded the Mauryan Empire in Deccan and Central India. They are considered to be identical to Andhras mentioned in Puranas. However, the word 'Andhra' does not appear in the Satvahana inscriptions. The term "Satvahana" is a Prakrit word, which means "Driven by seven", which implies Sun God's chariot that seven horses drive according to Hindu mythology.

Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

18.The Gupta Empire (from 240AD to 455AD)

The Kushanas and the Satvahanas became weaker in the middle of the 3rd century after providing 200-year-long political and economic stability. Then, after a brief period of confusion, Guptas emerged on the scene in North India and Vakatakas in South India.

Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

19.India during its Golden Age

The Gupta Age was a Golden age of Economy, Literature, Science, Mathematics, Astronomy and Art, even though it was in no sense a Golden age for the untouchables, slaves and women. We have already discussed the Gupta Economy in the [Previous Page], and now we shall discuss the other aspects of the Gupta society.

Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

20.The Deccan states of Ancient India (300-750 AD)

Several small powers emerged in the south in quick succession. The Ikshavakus and Abhiras rose on the power vacuum left after the fall of Satvahanas. However, their rule quickly fell, and in its place, a powerful Chalukyan dynasty emerged. The Sangam age dynasties – Cholas, Pandyas and Cheras, were losing their control, and in their place, eventually, Pallavas rose.

Everything You Need To Know About Ancient India 2

21.The Post Gupta Age

In 528CE, a consortium of North Indian kings defeated the Hunas, after which they were pushed back to Kashmir, Punjab and western India. Mandsaur Pillar inscription by a Hindu king, Yashodharman, mentions this Battle of Sondani. In this conquest, the Guptas played only a minor role.

MORE ABOUT ANCIENT INDIA

Ancient India is an important part of the history of the Indian subcontinent, and understanding its history and culture is crucial for UPSC CSE preparation. Here are a few reasons why:

1. Ancient India is an important part of the syllabus for the UPSC CSE exam, and a good understanding of ancient India can help you score well in the exam.
2. Ancient India played a significant role in the development of the cultural and intellectual traditions of modern India, and understanding ancient India can help you understand the present-day context of India.
3. Ancient India made significant contributions to the world in the fields of art, literature, science, and philosophy, and understanding these contributions can help you understand India’s place in the world.
4. Ancient India’s history is closely linked to the history of the Indian subcontinent as a whole, and understanding ancient India can provide a deeper understanding of the region’s past and present.

Ancient India refers to the history of the Indian subcontinent from the earliest civilizations to the end of the Mughal Empire in the early modern period. The ancient history of India is divided into several periods, including the Indus Valley Civilization (3300 BCE – 1300 BCE), the Vedic Period (1500 BCE – 500 BCE), the Maurya Empire (321 BCE – 185 BCE), and the Gupta Empire (320 CE – 550 CE).

The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the world, with major cities such as Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. The Indus Valley Civilization was characterized by its sophisticated urban planning, advanced technology, and diverse cultural practices.

The Vedic Period saw the emergence of the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, and the development of Hinduism as a religion. The Maurya Empire, under the rule of Emperor Ashoka, was a period of great political and cultural achievements. Ashoka is known for his policies of non-violence and religious tolerance, and his contributions to the spread of Buddhism.

The Gupta Empire, which followed the Maurya Empire, was a period of great cultural and scientific achievements. The Gupta Empire is known for its advances in mathematics, science, and literature, and for its achievements in art and architecture.

Foreign invasions also played a significant role in ancient India’s history. Alexander the Great invaded India in the 4th century BCE, and the Mughal Empire, which was founded by the Central Asian ruler Babur in the early 16th century, ruled much of India for over three centuries.
Overall, ancient India made significant contributions to the world in the fields of art, literature, science, and philosophy. Its legacy can still be seen in the cultural and intellectual traditions of modern India.

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