Topic: GS2 – Indian polity
- Prabir Purkayastha, founder and Editor-in-Chief of NewsClick, has been arrested by the Delhi police in an alleged terror case under UAPA.
Unlawful activities prevention act:
The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, often abbreviated as UAPA, is an Indian law aimed at preventing and combating unlawful activities and associations that pose a threat to the sovereignty and integrity of India.
Here are key points about the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act:
- Objective: The primary objective of the UAPA is to empower law enforcement agencies to take preventive measures and stringent action against activities that are considered prejudicial to the security and sovereignty of India.
- Definition of Unlawful Activities: The act defines “unlawful activities” to include activities that intend to or promote cession of a part of India, disrupt the territorial integrity of India, or threaten the sovereignty of India in any manner.
- Provisions: The UAPA provides for the declaration of certain organizations as unlawful, allowing the government to ban them. It also empowers authorities to proscribe and take legal action against individuals associated with such organizations.
- Detention: The act grants the government the authority to detain individuals if they are suspected of being involved in unlawful activities. The detained person can be held for up to 180 days without filing formal charges, and this period can be extended with the government’s approval.
- Amendments: The UAPA has undergone several amendments over the years, granting more powers to law enforcement agencies. These amendments have been a subject of debate and criticism, with concerns about potential misuse and violation of civil liberties.
- Punishments: The act prescribes various penalties, including imprisonment, for those found guilty of committing or supporting unlawful activities. Penalties can range from fines to life imprisonment or even the death penalty in severe cases.