|Topic: GS3 – Internal Security- Role of external state and non-state actors.
This topic is not much relevant in the context of Prelims but more for Mains in the context of security challenges, both external and internal, provides a comprehensive understanding of contemporary security issues.
- The article explores the events of 2023, with particular attention to Israel’s retaliation against the Hamas terror attack on October 7. This battle exposed Israeli policy and brought the Palestine problem back into the public eye.
- Additionally, the non-state group known as the Houthi rebel group in Yemen carried out a bold attack on merchant shipping that had connections to Israel, interrupting international shipping and triggering an American naval task force response.
- The article focuses on how non-state actors might present significant obstacles by utilising inexpensive technologies, such as unmanned aerial vehicles.
- The element of surprise in these security difficulties is a recurring topic that highlights shortcomings in tactically actionable intelligence and the capacity to predict unconventional security needs based on technological trends.
- The article cites historical incidents in India where unexpected events left security planners perplexed, including the border battle with China in 1962, the Kargil conflict in 1999, the 2008 Mumbai terror assault, and the Galwan incident in 2020.
- The article highlights India’s complex security issues for 2024, including those pertaining to internal security and low-intensity conflicts (LICs).
- One ongoing challenge is the strategic cooperation between China and Pakistan, as well as their support for non-state actors.
- Recent developments involving Hamas and the Huthis could give confidence to groups in the Subcontinent who have anti-Indian agendas, leading to an upsurge in terrorist action, as observed in Jammu.
- The article discusses how developments in Myanmar, pro-China politics in the Maldives, and possible electoral dynamics in Pakistan could rekindle smouldering anti-Indian sentiment.
- India’s overall security index is expected to remain difficult in 2024 due to financial restrictions that affect military modernization and election mandates.
- Notable policy changes include the adoption of the Agniveer plan for recruits and modifications to military structure.
- The article’s conclusion emphasises how difficult it will be for security planners everywhere to interpret the events of 2023 and decide which traditional platforms to buy.
- Complicating matters include the changing nature of the battlefield, the advent of artificial intelligence (AI), and associated technologies.
- Security planners must test the adaptability of the next administration and higher defence management in tackling these issues by projecting scenarios involving non-state actors, covert support networks, market dynamics, and corporate power brokers.
|What can be the Potential Benefits of the National Security Strategy in India?
|PYQ: The diverse nature of India as a multireligious and multi-ethnic society is not immune to the impact of radicalism which has been in her neighbourhood. Discuss along with the strategies to be adopted to counter this environment. (200 words/12.5m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-3 2014)
|Practice Question: Analyze the impact of recent global events, such as the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the Hamas terror attack, on India’s national security posture. Discuss how these challenges necessitate a nuanced approach in India’s strategic thinking and defense policies. (250 words/15 m)