- The need for a more thorough and intensive conversation on artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming more apparent as the US and India’s foreign and defense ministers convene in Delhi to further their defense and security alliance.
- Recent events, such as President Biden’s Executive Order on AI and the Pentagon’s revised AI deployment policy, highlight the necessity for both nations to successfully handle the benefits and difficulties posed by AI.
Geopolitical Context: US-China Rivalry and Concerns
- The US-China geopolitical divide is becoming more pronounced, underscoring the importance of AI in both economic and military contexts.
- The US and India are both concerned about Beijing potentially obtaining an advantage in the use of AI.
- The Pentagon’s plan emphasizes the incorporation of AI into military doctrine and operations, whereas President Biden’s Executive Order concentrates on safeguarding the civilian applications of AI.
US Initiatives and Defense Perspective: Decision Advantage
- With regard to AI, the Biden administration’s Executive Order seeks to establish new benchmarks for equity, privacy, safety, security, civil rights, and global leadership.
- The Pentagon’s approach highlights the value of AI in giving the US military services a “decision advantage” concurrently.
- Kathleen Hicks, the deputy secretary of defense, emphasizes how artificial intelligence (AI) may quicken decision-making while enhancing its precision and quality.
China’s AI Ambitions: Intelligentized Military
- There’s a big problem with China’s aspiration to create an “intelligentized” force, which goes beyond “informatization,” as it was previously.
- By utilizing its advantages in civil-military fusion and state capability, China has made significant strides in the adoption and development of AI.
Imperatives for India-US Engagement: Four Key Points
- Technology Cooperation: Cooperation in advanced technology is crucial, as demonstrated by the Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies, which was established in January. Given the speed at which AI is developing, India and the US should refresh their partnership in this area.
- Defense Partnership: AI’s place in national security plans is critical as both countries work to create a stable power balance in the Indo-Pacific. One promising avenue for a fruitful AI collaboration is the defense innovation bridge that is now being developed between the US and India, especially in the space sector.
- Talent Pool and Collaboration: The US’s ability to advance AI development is hampered by a lack of scientists, technicians, and engineers. This shortfall can be filled by India’s natural talent pool, which makes cooperation in training, research, and education advantageous. For more intense AI cooperation, the Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies’ current framework can be enlarged.
- Responsible Development: The proper development and application of AI is emphasized in both the Pentagon’s plan and the Biden Executive Order. In order to solve the ethical, sociological, and defense-related issues surrounding AI, cooperation between India and the US in advancing responsible local and international governance of AI is essential.
Way Forward: Addressing Challenges and Maximizing Opportunities
- In light of shifting geopolitical dynamics, the India-US dialogue on AI during the 2+2 meeting is essential to addressing the problems AI presents, seizing its opportunities, and fortifying the strategic alliance.
- The focus on responsible development and governance is in line with both countries’ aims in using AI to advance society and the military.