- India’s geopolitical environment has significantly changed with the recent Supreme Court ruling that upholds the split of Ladakh and the repeal of Article 370 for Jammu and Kashmir.
- This analysis looks at the problems and opportunities that lay ahead as well as the impact of the court’s ruling on India’s historical attitude to Kashmir.
End of Defensive Strategic Orientation:
- Declaring that Kashmir is not subject to “external” negotiation, the Supreme Court has clarified India’s “internal” connection with the region.
- This decision puts an end to Delhi’s long-standing defensive strategic orientation, which developed in the 1990s, a precarious time for India’s independence.
Task Ahead for NDA Government:
- Even though India has successfully closed the legal door on its complete sovereignty over Kashmir, outside interference continues.
- The NDA government’s agenda includes strengthening India’s all-encompassing national power, discouraging China and Pakistan from encroaching on Indian territory, and lessening the impact of external forces in Kashmir.
International Dynamics in the Past:
- It is important to consider the challenges India has encountered over the past three decades in handling the international dynamics in Kashmir, especially during the insurgency in the late 1980s.
- Pakistan’s military and diplomatic backing for insurgency was strengthened by the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, which prompted international interventions and crises.
Changing International Perception:
- The international community will accept India’s changing and forceful stance on Kashmir in spite of historical obstacles.
- Given India’s growing political self-assurance and influence in the international system, the geopolitical shift is noteworthy.
Optimism Amid Challenges:
- The obstacles that lie ahead shouldn’t be overshadowed by the optimism in Delhi. It seems improbable that China and Pakistan will acknowledge the Supreme Court’s ruling as pertinent to their long-standing policy over Kashmir.
- It is anticipated that the diplomatic stances and global interest in Kashmir will not alter, particularly in the Islamic and Western worlds.
Building a Sustainable Political Compact:
- The creation of a new, durable political agreement in Kashmir is necessary for the resolution of foreign issues.
- In order to change how the world views the Kashmir dispute, India must concentrate on fostering peace and development in the area.
Pakistan’s Continued Role:
- Pakistan’s potential to cause trouble in Kashmir has not diminished, despite its strategic capacity vis-à-vis India.
- The situation is made more complex by Pakistan and China’s growing collaboration.
- In spite of these obstacles, India has more international support than ever to establish a “New Kashmir.”
- The verdict of the Supreme Court ushers in a new era in Indian policy towards Kashmir.
- In addition to addressing external issues, establishing a long-term political agreement and advancing regional peace and development are also necessary for a durable resolution.
- India has a chance to positively portray Kashmir in the world community thanks to its shifting geopolitical standing.