- With the recent passage of the historic women’s reservation bill also known as The Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam, the government has set a new benchmark with respect to women empowerment.
- This article will discuss various other initiatives taken by the government to boost women’s empowerment in India.
Various other initiatives which could be listed are:
Abrogation of article 370:
- One of the arguments in favor of abrogating Article 370 is that it removed certain provisions that were seen as discriminatory, including the fact that women who married non-residents of Jammu and Kashmir lost their state subject status.
- This meant they were denied certain rights and privileges, such as property rights, if they married someone from outside the state. The abrogation of Article 370 was seen by some as a step towards gender equality by granting women in Jammu and Kashmir the same rights as men in this regard.
- Abolishment of Triple Talaq has contributed to women’s empowerment and has given them dignity in society.
- The Act will improve the existing conditions of Muslim women and will help them to come out of domestic violence and discrimination they are facing in society.
- It strengthened the “self-reliance, self-respect and self-confidence” of the Muslim women and protected their constitutional, fundamental and democratic rights.
- The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana has had a positive impact on women’s empowerment in India by improving their health, saving them time and effort, enhancing their safety, and indirectly contributing to their economic and social empowerment.
- It represents a significant step toward addressing gender disparities related to cooking practices and household energy consumption in the country.
- The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has contributed to women’s empowerment in India by improving their health, safety, dignity, education, economic opportunities, leadership roles, and social status.
- It has encouraged women to play a more active role in promoting cleanliness and sanitation practices in their communities, thereby contributing to their overall empowerment.
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao
- The “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” initiative contributed to women’s empowerment by addressing gender discrimination, promoting education, improving health and well-being, and changing societal attitudes.
- While it primarily focuses on girls, the long-term impact of the program is expected to benefit women as they grow into empowered individuals who can actively participate in society and make informed choices about their lives.
- The Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana contributed to women’s empowerment by providing them with the financial means to start and expand their businesses.
- It enhanced their economic independence, offered opportunities for skill development, and encouraged entrepreneurship, ultimately improving the social and economic status of women in India.
Increasing Maternity Leave
- Increasing maternity leave can empower women by prioritizing their health, well-being, and family needs, allowing them to make choices that align with their goals, and promoting a more inclusive and supportive work environment.
- Longer maternity leave policies can contribute to a more equitable and gender-balanced society.
Permanent Commission in Armed Forces
- Granting permanent commission to women in the armed forces is a crucial step in women’s empowerment as it promotes gender equality, financial independence, professional growth, and leadership opportunities.
- It also helps challenge societal norms and stereotypes while contributing to national security and gender diversity within the military.
The Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam
- It is a historic legislation, which will further boost women’s empowerment and enable even greater participation of women in our political and governance processes.
Notable Results of various initiatives taken by government:
- Increased representation of female police personnel,
- Accolades secured by our sports women on international platforms, and
- The rising enrolment of women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) disciplines. Remarkably, nearly 43 per cent of STEM graduates in India are women.
- Since 2014, female participation in technical education, especially in the Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), has doubled.
- About a quarter of space scientists in India are women whose dedication and hard work have been instrumental in the nation’s flagship space missions, including Chandrayaan, Gaganyaan, and Mission Mars.
- Today, more women are enrolling in higher education than men in India.
- We also have one of the highest numbers of women pilots in civil aviation.
- Female pilots in the Indian Air Force are now flying fighter aircraft.
- Reservation of posts for women in the CAPFs (Central Armed Police Forces) and the admission of girls in the premier National Defence Academy (NDA) and Sainik Schools has resulted in Women fighters who now stand to serve as “Amrit Rakshaks” in the “AmritKaal”.
- The essence of the Nari Shakti Vandan Adhiniyam and similar initiatives signifies hope, progress, and a promise of a brighter future for all.
- It’s a blaring call for the entire nation to rally together and ensure that the winds of change, set in motion, continue for generations to come.