|Topic: GS2 – International Relations
This topic is not much relevant in the context of Prelims but more for Mains in the context of South Africa’s application to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Israel over alleged genocide in Gaza.
- South Africa seeks provisional measures from the ICJ to protect the rights of Palestinians under the Genocide Convention, alleging ongoing genocidal acts by Israel since October 7, 2023.
- The ICJ promptly titled the case “Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide in the Gaza Strip (South Africa vs. Israel)” and scheduled public hearings on January 11-12.
- Both South Africa and Israel presented their arguments before the ICJ.
- South Africa’s provisional measures request urges the immediate suspension of Israel’s military operations, cessation of acts causing harm to Palestinians, and rescinding orders leading to expulsion and forced displacement.
- Israel denies these allegations, citing its legitimate right to self-defense against Hamas threats and asserting that South Africa misinterprets the Genocide Convention.
- The ICJ, known for supporting victims of human rights violations, has been involved in cases like Gambia’s Rohingya issue against Myanmar.
- While provisional orders may not end the war, they can increase international scrutiny and condemnation of Israel’s actions.
- Proving genocide intent in international law is challenging, requiring South Africa to convince the ICJ that the current situation meets the convention’s definition.
- The provisional measures may not end the war but could lead to increased pressure on Israel and its ally, the U.S., to engage diplomatically.
- The article emphasizes the urgent need for an immediate end to the conflict, highlighting the massive assault on Gaza.
- It calls for Israel to reconsider its policies and underscores the role of the U.S. in influencing Israel.
- The Security Council’s deadlock and the UN’s inability to resolve the conflict highlight the importance of international efforts, with South Africa praised for initiating ICJ action.
- The article calls for India to actively engage in diplomatic efforts, expressing concerns about the perception of India tilting towards Israel.
- It suggests that India should present its views on the Gaza situation and allegations against Israel before the ICJ and lead diplomatic efforts for a permanent political resolution of the Palestinian issue.
|PYQ: ‘India’s relations with Israel have, of late, acquired a depth and diversity, which cannot be rolled back.” Discuss. (150 words/10m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2018)
|Practice Question: Discuss the role of India and other significant members of the international community in addressing the conflict and fostering a permanent political resolution of the Palestinian issue. (200 words/12.5 m)