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PIB Summary for UPSC

17-February -2024

1. Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) seeks public comments on Draft Guidelines for Prevention of Misleading Advertisement in Coaching Sector

Topic: GS2 – Governance – Government Policies Crucial UPSC news: Draft guidelines aim to curb false claims in coaching sector, protect consumers, and ensure transparency in advertising.
Context
  • The Central Consumer Protection Authority seeks public input on guidelines preventing misleading coaching sector ads, targeting false success claims and safeguarding consumer interests.
 Additional information on this news:
  • Public Consultation Period: The Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) invites public comments on the Draft Guidelines for Prevention of Misleading Advertisement in the Coaching Sector until March 16, 2024.
  • Stakeholder Involvement: The guidelines have been formulated after a stakeholders’ consultation on January 8, 2024, involving various entities such as the Department of Personnel & Training, Ministry of Education, Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, National Law University, coaching institutes, law firms, and voluntary consumer organizations.
  • Definition of Coaching: The guidelines define “coaching” as tuition, academic support, or guidance provided by any person.
  • Prohibited Practices: Prohibited practices include concealing essential information, making false claims about success rates or rankings without verifiable evidence, falsely attributing success solely to coaching, creating a false sense of urgency, and engaging in any other misleading practices.
  • Applicability: The guidelines apply to every person engaged in coaching, aiming to protect consumers from misleading advertisements in the coaching sector.
  • Objective: The objective is to prevent misleading advertisements, provide clarity to stakeholders, and protect consumer interests under the Consumer Protection Act, 2019.
Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA)
  • The Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) is a regulatory body in India.
  • Established under the Consumer Protection Act, 2019.
  • Aims to protect and promote the rights of consumers.
  • Has the power to investigate, recall, and initiate class-action suits against unfair trade practices.
  • Monitors and regulates e-commerce activities for consumer protection.
  • Empowered to take prompt action against misleading advertisements and unfair trade practices.
  • Focuses on quick resolution of consumer complaints and disputes.
  • Enhances consumer awareness and education.
  • Plays a crucial role in ensuring a fair and transparent market environment.
  • Strengthens the overall framework for consumer rights and redressal in India.
Practice Question:  Discuss the role and significance of the Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) in safeguarding consumer rights and ensuring fair trade practices under the Consumer Protection Act, 2019, in India. (150 words/10 m)

2. National Commission for Scheduled Castes submits Report to President of India

Topic: GS2 – Indian Polity – Constituent Bodies
Critical for UPSC: Submission of National Commission for Scheduled Castes’ Annual Report, emphasizing Constitutional safeguards and socio-economic development for Scheduled Castes.
Context
  • Shri Arun Haldar, Vice-Chairman of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes, submitted the 2022-23 Annual Report to President Smt. Draupadi Murmu, containing recommendations for safeguarding Constitutional rights and socio-economic development of Scheduled Castes.
 Additional information on this news:
  • Annual Report Submission: Shri Arun Haldar, Vice-Chairman (Chairman In-charge), presented the Annual Report 2022-23 of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes to President Smt. Draupadi Murmu at Rashtrapati Bhawan.
  • Presence of Members: Shri Subhash Ramnath Pardhi and Dr. Anju Bala, Members, attended the report submission occasion.
  • Recommendations: The report includes various recommendations on issues related to the protection of Constitutional Safeguards for Scheduled Castes, in accordance with Article 338 of the Indian Constitution.
  • Commission’s Mandate: Mandated by Article 338, the National Commission for Scheduled Castes annually reports to the President, offering recommendations for effective implementation of safeguards and socio-economic development for Scheduled Castes.
National Commission for Scheduled Castes
  • The National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) is a constitutional body in India.
  • Established under Article 338 of the Constitution to safeguard the rights and interests of Scheduled Castes (SCs).
  • Monitors and evaluates the implementation of safeguards provided for SCs in the Constitution.
  • Enquires into specific complaints related to deprivation of rights and safeguards of SCs.
  • Ensures proper and effective implementation of various protective laws and programs for SCs.
  • Investigates and monitors the atrocities committed against SCs and recommends remedial measures.
  • The NCSC also reviews the representation of SCs in government services and educational institutions.
  • Submits annual reports to the President of India on the working of constitutional safeguards for SCs.
  • Can summon and enforce the attendance of any person and examine them on oath.
  • The commission plays a pivotal role in promoting social justice and preventing discrimination against Scheduled Castes in various spheres of life.
PYQ: Whether National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) can enforce the implementation of constitutional reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the religious minority institutions? Examine. (150 words/10m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2018)
Practice Question:  Examine the constitutional mandate and functions of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) in India, emphasizing its role in safeguarding the rights and interests of the Scheduled Castes. Discuss its significance in promoting social justice. (250 words/15 m)

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