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PIB Summary for UPSC

26 February -2024

1. INDIA-JAPAN JOINT EXERCISE ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN’ COMMENCES IN RAJASTHAN

Topic: GS2 – International Relations – Bilateral Relations
The ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN’ joint military exercise highlights India-Japan defense cooperation, strategic partnerships, and enhances UPSC-relevant geopolitical awareness.
Context
  • The 5th edition of joint military exercise ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN’ between Indian Army and Japan Ground Self Defence Force begins in Rajasthan, focusing on enhancing military cooperation and joint operational capabilities.
 Additional information on this news:
  • The 5th edition of Joint Military Exercise ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN’ between the Indian Army and Japan Ground Self Defence Force began in Rajasthan from 25th February to 9th March 2024.
  • The annual exercise alternates between India and Japan, with 40 personnel from each side participating.
  • Troops from the 34th Infantry Regiment represent Japan, and a Battalion from the Rajputana Rifles represents India.
  • The exercise aims to foster military cooperation and enhance combined capabilities for joint operations in a semi-urban environment under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter.
  • Focus areas include physical fitness, joint planning, tactical drills, and special arms skills.
  • Tactical drills involve establishing Temporary Operating Base, ISR Grid, Mobile Vehicle Check Post, Cordon and Search Operations, Heliborne operations, and House Intervention Drills.
  • A Weapon and Equipment Display highlights ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’
  • The exercise promotes sharing best practices, developing inter-operability, and enhancing defense cooperation between the two nations.
India – Japan Defence Cooperation
  • Strategic Partnership: Upgraded to a “Special Strategic and Global Partnership” in 2014, emphasizing shared security concerns.
  • Growing Exercises: Regular joint exercises like JIMEX, Shinnyu Maitri, DHARMA GUARDIAN and bilateral maritime exercises enhance interoperability.
  • Logistics Support: Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA) simplifies supply and service exchange between forces.
  • Technology & Equipment: Agreements on Defence Equipment & Technology Cooperation and classified information sharing facilitate collaboration.
  • New Domains: Exploring cooperation in emerging areas like cyber and space defense.
  • Regional Focus: Shared concerns about maritime security and freedom of navigation in the Indo-Pacific drive cooperation.
  • Regular Dialogue: “2+2” ministerial meetings and annual defense dialogues ensure strategic alignment.
  • Recent Developments: Defence Secretary & Vice Minister of Defense for International Affairs met in Feb 2024, pledging to diversify cooperation.
PYQ: The time has come for India and Japan to build a strong contemporary relationship, one involving global and strategic partnership that will have a great significance for Asia and the world as a whole.’ Comment. (250 words/15m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2019)

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