Print Friendly, Pdf &Amp; Email

PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU

12-December -2023

1. Measures Undertaken for Self-sufficiency in Coal Production & Supply to Power Sector.

Topic: GS3 – Indian economy

India’s Coal Production and Supply: Key Points 

Record high coal production: 893.19 MT in 2022-23, a 14.77% increase from the previous year.

Measures for self-sufficiency:

  • Transparent auctions for commercial mining (91 blocks auctioned).
  • Regular reviews and policy changes to expedite coal block development.
  • Single Window Clearance portal for faster approvals.
  • Incentives for early production and coal gasification/liquefaction.
  • Investment in advanced technologies like Continuous Miners and high-capacity equipment.
  • SCCL aiming to increase production to 75 MT by 2023-24.

Improving coal evacuation and distribution:

  • Collaboration with Railways for 13 new railway lines.
  • 67 First Mile Connectivity projects for mechanized coal handling.
  • Investment of over Rs.26,000 crore in railway projects for coal infrastructure.

Inter-ministerial coordination:

  • Regular meetings to ensure coal supply to power plants.
  • Inter-Ministerial Committee monitoring coal supply and power generation capacity.

Reduced reliance on imported coal:

  • No further capacity based on imported coal is planned.
  • Coal imports decreased by 5.04% in 2023-24 (upto Sept).
  • CAGR of coal-based generation increased to 4.59% from 2014-15 to 2022-23.

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1984997 

2. Steps taken by the Government to promote women participation in STEM Courses

Topic: GS3 – gender equality.

Steps taken by the Government to promote women participation in STEM Courses

  • Pragati Scholarship:10,000 scholarships awarded annually to encourage girls to pursue technical education.
  • TechSaksham Program:Top-up program to develop employability skills among underserved female students.
  • Supernumerary Seats in IITs:Increased female enrolment from 8% to 20% in undergraduate programs.
  • Female Enrolment in STEM Courses:Increased from 38.4% to 42.6% (provisional) between 2014-15 and 2021-22.
  • India’s Female Share of STEM Graduates:7% in 2018, exceeding US (34%), UK (38.1%), Australia (32.1%), and Germany (27.6%).

Source:  https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1985065

3. Contribution of MSMES to the country's GDP

Topic: GS3 – Indian economy

MSME Share in GDP and Manufacturing:

  • 15% of India’s GDP in 2021-22.
  • 83% of India’s manufacturing GVA in 2021-22.

MSME Export Contribution:

  • 59% of India’s exports in 2022-23.
  • Projected to reach 45.56% in 2023-24 (up to September 2023).

MSME Employment:

  • 50 crore recorded on the Udyam Registration Portal as on 06.12.2023.

Government Initiatives for MSME Financing:

  • PMEGP:Credit-linked subsidy program for self-employment.
  • PMMY:Loans up to Rs. 10 lakh for micro/small enterprises.
  • Credit Guarantee Scheme:Collateral-free loans up to Rs. 5 crore.
  • SRI Fund: 50,000 crore equity infusion.
  • Udyam Assist Platform:Bringing informal micro enterprises under the formal ambit.
  • Priority Sector Lending benefits for retail and wholesale traders.
  • Non-tax benefits for upward change in MSME status.
  • TReDS:Financing trade receivables through electronic platform.
  • ECLGS:Emergency credit line guarantee scheme for businesses, including MSMEs.

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1985020

4. Steps taken by the Government to promote Skill Development & Entrepreneurship across the country

Topic: GS3 – skill development.

Skill India Mission (SIM):

  • Led by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
  • Aims to provide skill, re-skill, and up-skill training to all sections of society across India.
  • Training delivered through various schemes, including PMKVY, JSS, NAPS, and CTS.

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY):

  • Imparts skill development through Short-Term Training (STT) and Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
  • Focuses on youth across the country, including rural areas.

Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) Scheme:

  • Targets non-literates, neo-literates, and school dropouts up to 12th standard.
  • Provides vocational skills with a focus on priority groups in rural and urban low-income areas.

National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS):

  • Promotes apprenticeship training by providing financial support to industrial establishments.
  • Includes Basic Training and On-the-Job Training at workplaces.

Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS):

  • Offers long-term training through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) nationwide.
  • Aims to provide skilled workforce to industries and promote youth self-employment.

Skilling Network Across the Country:

  • PMKVY: 2640 training centers, including PMKKs.
  • JSS: 288 JSS centers.
  • NAPS: 49927 establishments (42453 unique) engaged apprentices.
  • CTS (ITI): 15016 ITIs.

Central Ministries and Additional Schemes:

  • Over 20 Central Ministries implement skilling/upskilling programs.
  • Includes DDU-GKY, RSETI, NULM, and others.

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1985235

For Enquiry

Search By Categories
23 Feb 2024 : Daily Answer Writing
Mains Answer Writing 23-February-2024 Q1) Though President of India is the constitutional head of the...
23 Feb 2024 : Daily Current Affairs
Daily Current Affairs 23-February-2024- Top News of the Day 1. Escalating Farmer Protests: Challenges...
23 February 2024 : The Hindu Editorial Notes PDF
The Hindu Editorial 23-February-2024 1. The government must keep the regulatory environment of space...
23 February 2024 : PIB Summary for UPSC
PIB Summary for UPSC 23 February -2024 1. With a focus on promotion of organic exports, APEDA forms...
23 Feb 2024 : Indian Express Editorial Analysis
Indian Express Editorial Analysis 23-February-2024 1. A long institutional road Topic: GS2 – Polity...
Annexation of Sindh & Punjab by British- Complete Notes for UPSC
Annexation of Sindh & Punjab by British By 1818, the entire Indian subcontinent, except Punjab and...
Debate on future strategy after Civil Disobedience Movement
Debate on future strategy after civil Disobedience movement In the Aftermath of the withdrawal of the...
Early Political Activities: 1858-1905 [Complete Notes for UPSC]
Early Political Activities: 1858-1905 The revolt of 1857 was the first major large-scale revolt against...
Peasant Movements in India- Complete Notes for UPSC
Peasant Movements in India Peasant movements in India have been  pivotal in shaping the socio-political...

© Copyright  99Notes.in  All Rights Reserved

Address

Head Office :- Office No-2 & 3 ,LGF,Apsara Arcade,Adjacent Karol bagh Metro,Old Rajinder Nagar ,New Delhi-110060

2nd Office:- Metro station, 2nd floor, 5B, Pusa Rd, opp. to Metro Pillar no. 110, near Karol Bagh, Block B, Karol Bagh, New Delhi, Delhi 110005