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PIB Summary for UPSC

24 February -2024

1. President's greetings on the eve of birth anniversary of Guru Ravidasji

Topic: GS1 – History – Indian culture – Significant personalities
UPSC may focus on Guru Ravidasji’s legacy, his role in social reform, and contributions for social awakening and upliftment.
  • President Droupadi Murmu extends warm wishes on Guru Ravidasji’s birth anniversary, highlighting his spiritual wisdom and fight against social discrimination.
 Additional information on this news:
  • President of India, Smt. Droupadi Murmu, extends warm greetings on Guru Ravidasji’s birth anniversary.
  • Sant Ravidas exemplified spiritual wisdom and dedicated his life to serving humanity.
  • He fought against caste-based discrimination and worked for social harmony.
  • Guru Ravidasji promoted peace, tolerance, and brotherhood through devotional practices.
  • President urges citizens to adopt his teachings for national development.
More about Sant Ravidas
  • Sant Ravidas was a renowned saint, poet, and social reformer who lived in North India during the 15th century.
  • Born into a family of cobblers, he faced social discrimination due to his low-caste background, but his teachings emphasized equality and rejected caste-based distinctions.
  • Ravidas’ devotional poetry is included in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism, highlighting his universal appeal and acceptance.
  • His compositions mainly focused on the themes of love, devotion, and the oneness of God, advocating a path of spirituality that transcends societal divisions.
  • Ravidas challenged prevalent social norms and promoted a message of unity, encouraging people to look beyond caste and creed.
  • He is often associated with the Bhakti movement, a medieval Hindu movement that emphasized devotion to a personal god as the path to salvation.
  • Ravidas’ teachings influenced various religious and social movements, leaving a lasting impact on the cultural and spiritual landscape of India.
  • His followers, known as the Ravidasis, continue to celebrate his teachings, and there are numerous temples and devotional sites dedicated to him across the country.
  • Sant Ravidas’ legacy extends beyond religious boundaries, inspiring people to strive for social equality and spiritual enlightenment.
PYQ: The Bhakti movement received a remarkable re-orientation with the advent of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Discuss. (250 words/15m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-1 2018)
Practice Question:  Examine Sant Ravidas’ role in promoting social equality and religious harmony in medieval India, and highlight the lasting impact of his teachings on Indian society. (250 words/15 m)

2. If India succeeds, SDGs will succeed. And if the SDGs are to succeed, India has to succeed: Hardeep S Puri at UNGCNI’s 18th National Convention

Topic: GS2 – Governance – Government Policies
Critical for UPSC as it addresses India’s role in global sustainability, poverty alleviation, and inclusive growth, aligning with SDGs.
  • Shri Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas, highlighted India’s pivotal role in global Sustainable Development Goals at the UN Global Compact Network India’s 18th National Convention.
  • He emphasized achievements, including lifting 250 million out of poverty, and discussed sustainability efforts in diverse sectors.
 Additional information on this news:
  • Shri Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas and Housing & Urban Affairs, emphasized India’s crucial role in the success of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) during his address at the UN Global Compact Network India’s 18th National Convention.
  • India’s significant population, fifth-largest and fastest-growing economy, and increasing status as a preferred investment destination make its outcomes pivotal for the world.
  • The convention, themed “Advancing Sustainable India: Driving Change with Forward Faster 2030,” focused on topics such as climate change action, water resilience, sustainable finance, and economic empowerment through living wages.
  • India showcased remarkable progress in achieving SDGs, with over 250 million people lifted out of multidimensional poverty in the last decade, reflecting the nation’s commitment to inclusive growth.
  • Missions like Swachh Bharat and AMRUT transformed the water and sanitation landscape, achieving open defecation-free status, supported by rigorous third-party verification.
  • Despite global challenges, India’s sustainable development approach shines, particularly in addressing water and sanitation issues and mobilizing resources to bridge financing gaps.
  • Government efforts toward women empowerment include a shift to women-led schemes, exemplified by the historic Women’s Reservation Bill introduced last year.
  • India’s progress on sustainability targets includes advancements in ethanol blending, building an enabling ecosystem for emerging technologies, and a net-zero target of 2070.
  • Acknowledging the role of the private sector, Shri Puri emphasized combining purpose with profit, linking business reputations to SDG commitments, and integrating sustainability into core operations.
  • He praised impactful Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives but stressed the need for businesses to incorporate sustainability in their operations for meaningful change.
Role India can play in the success of SDGs worldwide
  • Global Advocacy: India, as a prominent voice in international forums, can advocate for the importance of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and encourage other nations to prioritize and align their policies with these global objectives.
  • South-South Cooperation: India’s experience in addressing diverse development challenges uniquely positions it to engage in South-South cooperation. Sharing successful strategies and best practices with other developing nations can accelerate progress towards achieving the SDGs.
  • Innovation and Technology Transfer: India’s prowess in technology and innovation can contribute to global efforts in areas like renewable energy, healthcare, and agriculture. Collaborative initiatives can facilitate the transfer of technology to countries striving to meet SDGs.
  • Humanitarian Assistance: India’s experience in disaster management and humanitarian assistance can play a crucial role in supporting countries facing crises and emergencies, aligning with SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities) and SDG 13 (Climate Action).
  • Peacekeeping Operations: As a major contributor to United Nations peacekeeping missions, India actively participates in conflict resolution efforts. Promoting peace and stability is integral to achieving several SDGs, including SDG 16 (Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions).
  • Capacity Building: India can offer capacity-building programs and training to empower individuals and institutions in other nations. This aligns with SDG 4 (Quality Education) and SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth).
  • Private Sector Engagement: Leveraging its vibrant private sector, India can encourage responsible business practices and investments aligned with the SDGs. Corporate social responsibility initiatives can contribute to SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure) and SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production).
  • Climate Leadership: India’s commitment to renewable energy and climate action positions it as a key player in global efforts to mitigate climate change (SDG 13), setting an example for other nations to follow.
Through these multifaceted contributions, India can play a transformative role in the worldwide success of the SDGs, fostering a more sustainable and equitable future for all.
PYQ: Access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy is the sine qua non to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Comment on the progress made in India in this regard. (150 words/10m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-3 2018)
Practice Question:  Examine India’s role in achieving Sustainable Development Goals, citing specific initiatives and outcomes, and discuss the global significance of its efforts. (250 words/15 m)

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