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PIB Summary for UPSC

8-March -2024

1. Cabinet approves Uttar Poorva Transformative Industrialization Scheme, 2024

Topic: GS2 – Governance – Government Policies – Interventions for development in various sectors The UNNATI – 2024 scheme’s approval is crucial for UPSC aspirants, focusing on Northeast industrial development and socio-economic progress.
Context
  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by PM Narendra Modi, approves UNNATI – 2024, a Rs. 10,037 crore industrial development scheme for the North East, aiming to generate jobs and sustainable growth.
 Additional information on this news:
  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved the Uttar Poorva Transformative Industrialization Scheme, 2024 (UNNATI – 2024) for a 10-year period with a total cost of Rs. 10,037 crore.
  • The scheme is part of the government’s effort to promote industrial development, job creation, and sustainable growth in the North East Region, with a focus on balancing industrial growth and environmental preservation through positive and negative lists of industries.
  • The scheme offers incentives to investors for setting up new units or expanding existing ones, with capital investment incentives and central capital interest subvention varying based on the applicability of Goods and Services Tax (GST).
  • Manufacturing & Services Linked Incentive (MSLI) is provided for new units based on Net Payment of GST, with upper limits defined for different zones.
  • The scheme aims to generate employment opportunities, anticipating around 83,000 direct job opportunities during the scheme period.
  • The scheme is effective from the date of notification until March 31, 2034, with an additional 8 years for committed liabilities.
  • Districts are categorized into two zones (Zone A and Zone B), with funds earmarked for 8 Northeastern states and allocated on a First-In-First-Out (FIFO) basis.
  • Micro industries under MSME norms are considered, and new industrial units and expanding units are eligible for incentives.
  • Implementation involves cooperation between DPIIT and states, overseen by national and state-level committees, ensuring transparency and efficiency.
Industrialisation in North East States
●     Significance
    • Economic Growth: Creates jobs, boosts income, and contributes to national GDP.
    • Strategic Location: Makes North East a gateway to Southeast Asian markets.
    • Resource Utilization: Harnesses abundant natural resources (minerals, forests) for development.
●     Challenges
    • Infrastructure Gap: Limited road, rail, and power connectivity increases operational costs.
    • Geographical Constraints: Hilly terrain makes infrastructure development expensive.
    • Social Unrest: Past insurgency issues can deter investment.
●     Way Forward
    • Improve Connectivity: Invest in transportation networks and power grids.
    • Skill Development: Train local workforce to meet industry demands.
    • Focus on Sustainable Industries: Prioritize eco-friendly practices and resource management.
    • Incentivize Investment: Offer tax breaks and ease regulations for businesses.
PYQ: The north-eastern region of India has been infested with insurgency for a very long time. Analyze the major reasons for the survival of armed insurgency in this region.  (150 words/10m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-3 2017)
Practice Question:  Critically examine the potential of industrialisation in propelling economic growth in the North Eastern states of India. Suggest a balanced approach that addresses infrastructural limitations and safeguards the region’s unique socio-environmental identity. (250 Words /15 marks)

2. Cabinet Approves Ambitious IndiaAI Mission to Strengthen the AI Innovation Ecosystem

Topic: GS2 – Governance – Government Policies – Interventions for development in various sectors GS3 – Science & Technology – Indigenization of technology Critical for UPSC: IndiaAI mission’s approval emphasizes AI innovation, tech sovereignty, and socio-economic impact, aligning with national development goals.
Context
  • India approves the IndiaAI mission with a budget of Rs. 10,371.92 crore, focusing on boosting AI innovation, computing infrastructure, indigenous models, startup support, and ethical AI development.
 Additional information on this news:
  • The Cabinet, led by PM Narendra Modi, approves the IndiaAI mission with a budget of Rs.10,371.92 crore.
  • Aiming to boost AI innovation, the mission focuses on democratizing computing access, improving data quality, and developing indigenous AI capabilities.
  • The IndiaAI Compute Capacity aims to establish a high-end scalable AI computing ecosystem with 10,000 or more GPUs through public-private partnership.
  • The IndiaAI Innovation Centre focuses on developing and deploying indigenous Large Multimodal Models (LMMs) and domain-specific foundational models.
  • The IndiaAI Datasets Platform streamlines access to non-personal datasets for AI innovation, offering a unified data platform for startups and researchers.
  • The IndiaAI Application Development Initiative promotes AI applications in critical sectors and addresses problem statements from central ministries and state departments.
  • IndiaAI FutureSkills increases AI courses in academic programs, establishing Data and AI Labs in Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities.
  • IndiaAI Startup Financing supports deep-tech AI startups, facilitating streamlined access to funding for futuristic AI projects.
  • The Safe & Trusted AI pillar focuses on responsible AI projects, developing indigenous tools, frameworks, and guidelines for ethical AI development and deployment.
  • The IndiaAI Mission aims to showcase India’s prowess in AI for social good, enhance global competitiveness, and create skilled employment opportunities.
 
PYQ: With the present state of development, Artificial Intelligence can effectively do which of the following? (2020) 1.     Bring down electricity consumption in industrial units 2.     Create meaningful short stories and songs 3.     Disease diagnosis 4.     Text-to-Speech Conversion 5.     Wireless transmission of electrical energy Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only (b) 1, 3 and 4 only (c) 2, 4 and 5 only (d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5   Ans: (b)

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