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PIB Summary for UPSC

4-March -2024

1. The Union Ministry of Home Affairs releases three videos about the Modi government’s success in dealing with the menace of drugs

Topic: GS3 – Internal Security, GS2 – Social Justice – Health

UPSC-relevant: Central government’s robust anti-narcotics approach yields notable results, impacting arrests, drug seizures, and law enforcement effectiveness.


  • Under PM Modi, the Indian government’s aggressive stance against narco-trade yields results: arrests increase fourfold, drug seizures double, and value jumps 30 times, as reported by the Home Ministry.

 Additional information on this news:

  • Under PM Modi’s leadership, the central government has implemented a ruthless approach towards narco-trade, resulting in effective outcomes in the fight against drugs.
  • The number of drug-related cases registered increased from 1257 (2006-2013) to 3755 (2014-2023), a threefold rise.
  • Arrests surged from 1363 (2006-2013) to 5745 (2014-2023), marking a fourfold increase.
  • The quantity of seized drugs doubled during the Modi regime, reaching 3.95 lakh kgs compared to 1.52 lakh kgs seized from 2006-2013.
  • The value of seized drugs witnessed a significant 30-fold increase, soaring from Rs. 768 crore (2006-2013) to Rs. 22,000 crore.
  • Anti-narcotics agencies, under Modi’s government, destroyed 12 lakh kgs of drugs worth Rs. 12,000 crores.
  • The central government’s multipronged efforts led to a nearly 100% increase in the quantity of narcotics seized and a 152% rise in registered cases against drug dealers.
  • The anti-narcotics apparatus built nationwide, focuses on coordination, cooperation, and collaboration among governments and agencies.
  • The four-tier NCORD mechanism was strengthened in 2019 to enhance cohesion and synergy between Central and State drug law enforcement agencies.
  • The goal is to achieve a #DrugsFreeBharat through detection, destruction of drug networks, and detention of culprits, with a focus on rehabilitating addicts.

Drug Menace in India

Regions Affected:

  • Punjab and Haryana: High incidence of drug abuse, especially opioids.
  • Northeastern States: Illicit drug trade due to proximity to the Golden Triangle.
  • Goa: Known for recreational drug abuse, particularly among tourists.


  • Proximity to Drug-Producing Countries: Geographical proximity to Afghanistan and Myanmar facilitates drug trafficking.
  • Poverty and Unemployment: Economic challenges contribute to vulnerability, making drug trade an attractive option.
  • Lack of Awareness: Insufficient education about the dangers of drug abuse.
  • Inadequate Law Enforcement: Gaps in policing and border control exacerbate the problem.


  • Health Crisis: Rising cases of addiction, overdose, and associated health issues.
  • Social Disintegration: Families and communities suffer from the breakdown of social structures.
  • Economic Consequences: Decreased productivity and increased healthcare costs.
  • Threat to internal security:  Many of the terrorist organisations are funded from the money in drug business, increasing threat to internal security of India.

Way Forward:

  • Enhanced Law Enforcement: Strengthen border control and improve intelligence sharing among states.
  • Preventive Education: Implement comprehensive awareness programs in schools and communities.
  • Rehabilitation and Treatment: Increase accessibility to affordable rehabilitation centres and treatment facilities.
  • International Collaboration: Collaborate with neighbouring countries to curb the cross-border drug trade.
  • Community Engagement: Encourage community involvement in anti-drug initiatives to build a supportive environment.

In conclusion, addressing the drug menace in India requires a multi-faceted approach encompassing law enforcement, education, rehabilitation, and international cooperation.

PYQ: India’s proximity to two of the world’s biggest illicit opium-growing states has enhanced her internal security concerns. Explain the linkages between drug trafficking and other illicit activities such as gunrunning, money laundering and human trafficking. What countermeasures should be taken to prevent the same? (250 words/15m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-3 2018)

Practice Question:  Examine the factors contributing to the drug menace in India and propose succinct measures for a holistic approach, considering both domestic and international dimensions. Highlight the potential outcomes of implementing such measures on public health and social cohesion.

(250 words/15 m)

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