Print Friendly, Pdf &Amp; Email

The Hindu Editorial


1. India’s problem — different drugs, identical brand names.

Topic: GS2 – Governance – Government Policies – Issues arising out of their design & implementation.
UPSC Relevance: Critical patient safety concern – Identical drug names in India lead to confusion, prescription errors, demanding urgent reforms for regulation.
  • The article discusses the critical issue of identical brand names for different drugs in India, posing risks of confusion and prescription errors.
  • Despite past recommendations, regulatory measures have been ineffective, necessitating urgent reforms for patient safety.
 Identical Brand Names for Different Drugs:
  • Oncologist Dr. Vincent Rajkumar highlighted the alarming issue of identical brand names, ‘Linamac,’ for drugs treating cancer and diabetes, posing serious risks to patients.
Prevalent Issue in India:
  • India has a longstanding problem of using identical trade names for drugs with distinct active ingredients, causing confusion among medical practitioners and patients.
  • Notable examples include the brand name ‘Medzole,’ employed by multiple companies for drugs treating various medical conditions.
  • Similar trade names that are phonetically and visually alike further exacerbate the problem, leading to potential prescription errors and patient safety concerns.
Concerns in India:
  • The use of similar names is particularly concerning in India due to drug packaging primarily in English, understood by a minority, and lax regulation in the pharmaceutical sector.
  • Poorly regulated pharmacies increase the likelihood of dispensing errors, especially when compounded by confusingly similar drug names.
Previous Judicial Recommendations:
  • Despite Supreme Court and Parliamentary Committee recommendations to prevent confusingly similar drug names, the issue persisted, prompting the Delhi High Court’s intervention.
Ineffective Regulatory Measures:
  • The Drugs and Cosmetics (Thirteenth Amendment) Rules, 2019, introduced a self-certification system for pharmaceutical companies, proving ineffective in preventing identical or similar drug names.
  • Lack of a comprehensive pharmaceutical brand-name database hampers the implementation of effective regulatory measures.
Absence of Data on Prescription Errors:
  • India lacks data on prescription errors, hindering acknowledgment of the problem by the Ministry of Health.
  • The absence of political will within the Drug Regulation Section impedes the initiation of reforms to address the issue.
Need for Reforms:
  • Urgent reforms are necessary, mirroring systems in the United States and Europe, where drug regulators assess drug names to minimize confusion and prescription errors.
  • Acknowledging the problem and establishing effective regulatory mechanisms are crucial steps toward ensuring patient safety and preventing medication-related errors in India.
  • The rampant use of identical drug names in India poses grave risks to patient safety, demanding immediate regulatory reforms. Acknowledging and addressing this issue is crucial for a robust healthcare system.
Practice Question: How does the prevalent use of identical brand names for diverse drugs in India impact patient safety and necessitate regulatory reforms? (150 words/10 m)

2. Providing clean water to all.

Topic: GS2 – Social Justice – Health
Critical for UPSC: Jal Jeevan Mission’s success in providing tap water, addressing regional challenges, and promoting socio-economic development aligns with sustainable goals.
  • The article highlights the success of India’s Jal Jeevan Mission, initiated in 2019 by the government of India, in providing tap water to 73% of rural households, addressing regional challenges, promoting socio-economic development, and ensuring transparency.
Jal Jeevan Mission Impact:
  • Launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2019, the mission has achieved tap water access for 73% of rural households.
  • Over 14 crore rural households now have tap connections, a significant increase from 3.23 crore in August 2019.
Regional Tailoring and Infrastructure Challenges:
  • Tailored approaches were employed based on diverse terrains and geographical differences, such as using insulated pipes in hilly regions.
  • Strengthening infrastructure was a challenge, but the mission united communities, development partners, and NGOs.
Diverse Solutions for Varied Challenges:
  • Recognizing diverse needs, the mission implemented insulated pipes, multi-village schemes, and community water purification plants.
  • The core theme of ‘no one is left behind’ guided efforts to address different challenges effectively.
Comprehensive Impact Beyond Clean Water:
  • Nobel Laureate Dr. Michael Kremer’s study indicates a potential 30% reduction in infant deaths, preventing 25% of under-five deaths in India annually.
  • WHO study suggests tap water provision could avert 4 lakh diarrhoeal deaths, with an economic saving potential of $101 billion.
Socio-economic Strengthening and Community Involvement:
  • The mission focuses on strengthening socio-economic fabric by involving women in decision-making, empowering youth, and creating local water enterprises.
  • Initiatives like Nal Jal Mitra equip villagers with skills for maintaining water supply schemes, empowering communities.
Employment Generation and Skill Development:
  • A study highlights the mission’s employment potential of 59.93 lakh person-years of direct employment during construction and additional direct employment during operation and maintenance.
  • Over 5.29 lakh village water and sanitation committees have been formed, training 22.98 lakh women for water sample testing.
Transparency and Efficiency Measures:
  • The mission employs a real-time dashboard for updates and progress reports, ensuring transparency in water resource management.
  • Continuous monitoring and surveillance of water quality parameters through advanced technologies and a proactive Water Quality Management Information System.
Future Roadmap and Sustainability:
  • The mission aims to eliminate water scarcity, engage communities in water asset maintenance, and achieve drinking water targets.
  • Positive outlook for the future with available resources and a commitment to making water scarcity history in rural households.
  • In conclusion, the Jal Jeevan Mission’s remarkable achievements, spanning tap water access, regional solutions, socio-economic empowerment, and transparency measures, underscore its pivotal role in advancing India’s sustainable development goals.
PYQ: What are the environmental implications of the reclamation of water bodies into urban land use? Explain with examples. (150 words/10m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-1 2021)
Practice Question: How has the Jal Jeevan Mission demonstrated effectiveness in achieving tap water access, addressing regional challenges, and promoting socio-economic empowerment in rural India? Discuss with examples. (250 words/15 m)

For Enquiry

Search By Categories
23 Feb 2024 : Daily Answer Writing
Mains Answer Writing 23-February-2024 Q1) Though President of India is the constitutional head of the...
23 Feb 2024 : Daily Current Affairs
Daily Current Affairs 23-February-2024- Top News of the Day 1. Escalating Farmer Protests: Challenges...
23 February 2024 : The Hindu Editorial Notes PDF
The Hindu Editorial 23-February-2024 1. The government must keep the regulatory environment of space...
23 February 2024 : PIB Summary for UPSC
PIB Summary for UPSC 23 February -2024 1. With a focus on promotion of organic exports, APEDA forms...
23 Feb 2024 : Indian Express Editorial Analysis
Indian Express Editorial Analysis 23-February-2024 1. A long institutional road Topic: GS2 – Polity...
Annexation of Sindh & Punjab by British- Complete Notes for UPSC
Annexation of Sindh & Punjab by British By 1818, the entire Indian subcontinent, except Punjab and...
Debate on future strategy after Civil Disobedience Movement
Debate on future strategy after civil Disobedience movement In the Aftermath of the withdrawal of the...
Early Political Activities: 1858-1905 [Complete Notes for UPSC]
Early Political Activities: 1858-1905 The revolt of 1857 was the first major large-scale revolt against...
Peasant Movements in India- Complete Notes for UPSC
Peasant Movements in India Peasant movements in India have been  pivotal in shaping the socio-political...

© Copyright  All Rights Reserved


Head Office :- Office No-2 & 3 ,LGF,Apsara Arcade,Adjacent Karol bagh Metro,Old Rajinder Nagar ,New Delhi-110060

2nd Office:- Metro station, 2nd floor, 5B, Pusa Rd, opp. to Metro Pillar no. 110, near Karol Bagh, Block B, Karol Bagh, New Delhi, Delhi 110005