|Topic: GS2 – International Relations- Bilateral relations
This topic is not much relevant in the context of Prelims but more for Mains in the context of Indo-French relations.
- The relationship between India and France is marked by complementarity, devoid of historical baggage or major bilateral differences.
- Even when differences arise, both countries exhibit a remarkable ability to overcome them.
- The time-tested nature of their relations is evident in their ability to navigate various challenges, making their friendship resilient.
- French President Emmanuel Macron’s visit to India as the chief guest for Republic Day exemplifies the deep and natural bonds between the two countries.
- France holds a unique position in India’s strategic thinking, being a steadfast supporter through significant events such as India’s nuclear tests in 1998, advocacy for permanent UN Security Council membership, and cooperation in countering terrorism.
- France’s role in bolstering India’s defense capabilities, including defense production, nuclear and space sectors, and intelligence sharing, is pivotal.
- The open-ended cooperation has strengthened India’s hard power.
- France’s support extends to promoting India’s interests in the European Union and offering strategic assets in the Indo-Pacific, showcasing a robust partnership.
- Both nations celebrate their commitment to multiculturalism and pluralism, demonstrating their policy of strategic autonomy without being anti-Western.
- They empathize with each other’s challenges, such as France’s disappointment over the cancellation of a submarine contract by Australia and India’s experience with cross-border terrorism.
- French President Macron’s significant role in the India-France relationship cannot be overstated.
- His upcoming visit, the third to India, underlines the deepening ties.
- With global tensions and uncertainties, Macron’s unique position as the senior-most leader in Europe provides an opportunity for India and France to act as a bridge between the West and the East, contributing to global stability and cooperation.
- Every summit meeting between leaders results in new areas of cooperation.
- The forthcoming visit is expected to bring forth new announcements in military and technical cooperation, spanning engines, aircraft, submarines, space, digitalization, cyber security, and climate change.
- President Macron’s role becomes even more critical in times of global tensions.
- At the age of 46, he stands as the senior-most leader in Europe, presenting an opportunity for him and Prime Minister Modi to harness their friendship for bridging gaps between different regions and geopolitical landscapes.
- France’s early bet on India is reaping dividends, with the relationship evolving into a robust partnership.
- The visit of President Macron symbolizes the success of their strategic cooperation and shared values, underlining the significance of their kindred alliance on the global stage.
|PYQ: What can France learn from the Indian Constitution’s approach to secularism? (150 words/10m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2019)
|Practice Question: Discuss the significance of French President Emmanuel Macron’s visit to India as the chief guest for Republic Day, emphasizing the unique position of France in India’s strategic thinking. (200 words/12.5 m)