Topic: GS2 – Indian geography
- India Meteorological Department (IMD) has officially announced the beginning of the end of the southwest monsoon this year.
- The withdrawal started a week later than the usual date of September 17.
- Monsoon rainfall for this year has been 5% below the normal levels as of Monday.
- The country faced the risk of drought-like conditions due to the influence of El Nino, with August experiencing a significant rainfall deficit of nearly 36%.
Withdrawal of monsoon:
The withdrawal of the monsoon is a significant meteorological event in India. Here are key points about the withdrawal of the monsoon:
- Timing: The withdrawal of the monsoon typically begins in the northwest region of India and gradually progresses towards the southeast. It usually starts around September and can last until early October.
- Factors: The withdrawal is influenced by various meteorological factors, including the movement of the monsoon trough, changes in atmospheric pressure, and the weakening of moisture-laden winds from the southwest.
- Impact: The withdrawal of the monsoon marks the end of the rainy season in many parts of India. It is an essential event for agriculture and affects crop harvesting and planting for the upcoming season.
- Variability: The timing and intensity of monsoon withdrawal can vary from year to year. Factors like El Nino and La Nina can influence the monsoon pattern, leading to variations in withdrawal dates.
- Region-specific: The withdrawal may occur at different times in different regions of India. For example, it may withdraw earlier in northwest India compared to southern or eastern parts of the country.