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25-September -2023

Daily Current Affairs For UPSC ,The PIB ( Press Information Bureau )


 Topic: GS3 – Defence Cooperation.


  • 19th edition of “EXERCISE YUDH ABHYAS” to be held from September 25 to October 8, 2023, in Fort Wainwright, Alaska, USA.

More information about the news:

  • Annual joint exercise between the Indian Army and the United States Army.
  • Previous edition took place in Auli, Uttarakhand, India in November 2022.
  • Focus on enhancing interoperability for UN peacekeeping operations.
  • Theme: ‘Employment of an Integrated Battle Group in Mountain/ Extreme Climatic Conditions’ under Chapter VII of United Nations mandate.
  • Field Training Exercise scope: validation of Integrated Battle Groups, Integrated Surveillance Grid, heliborne/ airborne elements, logistics, casualty management, evacuation, and combat medical aid.
  • Emphasis on combat skills, including combat engineering, obstruction clearance, mine, and Improvised Explosive Devices warfare.



2. Union Home Minister and Minister of Cooperation Shri Amit Shah will chair the 31st meeting of the Northern Zonal Council.

Topic: GS2 – Indian polity.


  • Union Home Minister and Minister of Cooperation Amit Shah will preside over the 31st meeting of the Northern Zonal Council in Amritsar on September 26, 2023.
  • The Northern Zonal Council includes Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, and Chandigarh.

About zonal councils:

  • Zonal Councils were established in 1957 under Section 15-22 of the States Reorganization Act, 1956.
  • There are five Zonal Councils in India.
  1. Northern Zonal Council: Covers the states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, and the Union Territories of Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, and Chandigarh.
  2. Central Zonal Council: Covers the states of Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.
  3. Eastern Zonal Council: Covers the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal.
  4. Western Zonal Council: Covers the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, and the Union Territories of Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
  5. Southern Zonal Council: Covers the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and the Union Territory of Puducherry.
  • Each Zonal Council covers a specific region of India and comprises certain states and Union Territories.
  • The Union Home Minister serves as the Chairman of these Zonal Councils.
  • Chief Ministers of the member states and the Administrator/Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territories included in the respective Zonal Council are its members.
  • One member is designated as the Vice-Chairman by rotation each year.
  • Additionally, two more ministers from each State are nominated by the Governor as members of the council.
  • Zonal Councils play an advisory role and promote mutual understanding and cooperation among states and Union Territories.
  • They provide a platform for regular dialogue and discussion on issues that affect two or more states or the relationship between the Center and the States.
  • Zonal Councils are part of the cooperative federalism approach to empower states and foster better relations between the Central government and the states.

Mains question: How do Zonal Councils contribute to cooperative federalism and regional problem-solving in India?


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