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PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU

25-September -2023

Daily Current Affairs For UPSC ,The PIB ( Press Information Bureau )

1. EXERCISE YUDH ABHYAS-23” SET TO COMMENCE IN FORT WAINWRIGHT, ALASKA, USA – INDIAN CONTINGENT DEPARTS

 Topic: GS3 – Defence Cooperation.

Context:

  • 19th edition of “EXERCISE YUDH ABHYAS” to be held from September 25 to October 8, 2023, in Fort Wainwright, Alaska, USA.

More information about the news:

  • Annual joint exercise between the Indian Army and the United States Army.
  • Previous edition took place in Auli, Uttarakhand, India in November 2022.
  • Focus on enhancing interoperability for UN peacekeeping operations.
  • Theme: ‘Employment of an Integrated Battle Group in Mountain/ Extreme Climatic Conditions’ under Chapter VII of United Nations mandate.
  • Field Training Exercise scope: validation of Integrated Battle Groups, Integrated Surveillance Grid, heliborne/ airborne elements, logistics, casualty management, evacuation, and combat medical aid.
  • Emphasis on combat skills, including combat engineering, obstruction clearance, mine, and Improvised Explosive Devices warfare.

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1960137

 

2. Union Home Minister and Minister of Cooperation Shri Amit Shah will chair the 31st meeting of the Northern Zonal Council.

Topic: GS2 – Indian polity.

Context:

  • Union Home Minister and Minister of Cooperation Amit Shah will preside over the 31st meeting of the Northern Zonal Council in Amritsar on September 26, 2023.
  • The Northern Zonal Council includes Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, and Chandigarh.

About zonal councils:

  • Zonal Councils were established in 1957 under Section 15-22 of the States Reorganization Act, 1956.
  • There are five Zonal Councils in India.
  1. Northern Zonal Council: Covers the states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, and the Union Territories of Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, and Chandigarh.
  2. Central Zonal Council: Covers the states of Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.
  3. Eastern Zonal Council: Covers the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal.
  4. Western Zonal Council: Covers the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, and the Union Territories of Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
  5. Southern Zonal Council: Covers the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and the Union Territory of Puducherry.
  • Each Zonal Council covers a specific region of India and comprises certain states and Union Territories.
  • The Union Home Minister serves as the Chairman of these Zonal Councils.
  • Chief Ministers of the member states and the Administrator/Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territories included in the respective Zonal Council are its members.
  • One member is designated as the Vice-Chairman by rotation each year.
  • Additionally, two more ministers from each State are nominated by the Governor as members of the council.
  • Zonal Councils play an advisory role and promote mutual understanding and cooperation among states and Union Territories.
  • They provide a platform for regular dialogue and discussion on issues that affect two or more states or the relationship between the Center and the States.
  • Zonal Councils are part of the cooperative federalism approach to empower states and foster better relations between the Central government and the states.

Mains question: How do Zonal Councils contribute to cooperative federalism and regional problem-solving in India?

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1960074

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