|Topic: GS2 – International Relations
This topic is not much relevant in the context of Prelims but more for Mains in the context of Diplomatic Challenges and Policy Implications
- In the UNESCO vice president election, India suffered a loss in spite of its attempts to integrate with the Global South.
- India was defeated by Pakistan 38 votes to 18, a substantial margin.
- This surprising result calls into doubt India’s ability to successfully lobby developing nations in international fora.
- Even while elections have their own dynamics, the defeat highlights the necessity for India’s diplomatic initiatives to be more nuanced.
- Another facet of India’s foreign policy difficulties is brought to light by the Kim Davy case, which is connected to the Purulia arms drop case.
- Denmark has demonstrated reluctance to extradite him to India, despite his involvement in breaking Indian laws being acknowledged in public.
- The effectiveness of India’s diplomatic efforts is called into doubt by the lack of progress in this topic, particularly in light of the high-level visits and normalisation of relations.
- The way the Italian Marines issue is handled gives India’s foreign policy scrutiny a new angle.
- Although India complied with the International Tribunal’s ruling for the trial to take place in Italy, concerns have been raised regarding the Indian Mission’s involvement in the proceedings.
- India’s strategy for guaranteeing justice for its people is called into question in light of the marines’ June 2022 acquittal.
- The analysis highlights that countries are assessed not only on their major deeds but also on their behaviour in smaller issues involving specific individuals and the application of the law.
- The Davy extradition case and the Italian Marines case highlight how crucial it is for India to pay attention to details since these instances have a significant impact on how the world views the nation.
- In evaluating India’s foreign policy, the assessment should extend beyond diplomatic achievements to scrutinize responses from the Global South and the handling of specific cases.
- The setbacks in international elections and challenges in extradition cases indicate the need for a more comprehensive and strategic approach in India’s foreign policy endeavors, focusing on both major initiatives and attention to detail in individual cases.
|What is Global South?
|PYQ: ‘The long-sustained image of India as a leader of the oppressed and marginalised nations has disappeared on account of its new found role in the emerging global order.’ Elaborate. (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2019) (150 words/10 m)
|Practice Question: Critically analyze India’s foreign policy, with a focus on recent setbacks such as the UNESCO election and challenges in extradition cases. Assess the implications of these developments on India’s diplomatic standing and its ability to garner support from the Global South. (250 words/15 m)