- India is committed to addressing climate change and its global implications, as demonstrated by the negotiations at COP28 in Dubai.
- The country aims to become the first major economy to achieve developed country status driven by sustainable energy.
- Extending the accomplishments of COP26, which secured six gigatonnes of reductions in emissions, India seeks to further contribute to the group’s aim of keeping the rise in global temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius, which was decided upon at the Paris COP21.
- Even if net-zero promises and the expansion of renewable energy have made headway, there are still global concerns that need for cooperation.
India’s Vulnerability to Climate Change: A Crucial Role in Global Mitigation
- According to the IPCC, India is among the nations most vulnerable to climate change.
- Possible risks include decreased agriculture yields, water shortages, rising sea levels, and excessive heat stress.
- Both India’s national resilience and the global effort to achieve the 1.5-degree Celsius target are impacted by the policy decisions and emissions reduction objectives that the country has set.
- International cooperation is necessary to address the hazards posed by climate change.
Key Areas of Collaboration Between the UK and India
In order to meet the difficulties posed by climate change, the UK and India are collaborating in three main areas:
- First, attempts are made to restrict the increase in global temperature. This goal is supported by India’s significant investments in renewable energy, support for homegrown solar technology manufacturing, and focus on green hydrogen. Through collaborative research, policy development, and technological initiatives, the UK assists India in promoting cross-investments in green transitions and sustainable mobility.
- Second, wealthy economies like the UK want to help nations especially India build robust systems to the effects of climate change and prepare for future effects. This support is demonstrated by the UK’s commitment to spending Rs 1,16,000 crore on international climate funding by 2025–2026 and by Prime Minister Rishi Sunak’s declaration at COP28 of a climate pledge of Rs 16,000 crore. The goal is to shield the most vulnerable countries from the effects of climate change.
- The third area of cooperation is the preservation of biodiversity. Innovative approaches to addressing the effects of climate change are exemplified by the success of the Indian company S4S Technologies, which was awarded the Prince William Earthshot Prize. By supporting innovative projects and reversing biodiversity loss, this partnership seeks to advance international conservation efforts.
COP28: An Opportunity for Accelerated Action
- In response to climate change, there is a chance for increased ambition and action during the ongoing COP28.
- India and the United Kingdom have the potential to take the lead in advancing global efforts to limit temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius and to ease the switch to renewable energy sources.
- India’s clean energy transition can act as a global model for the rest of the world, highlighting the importance of international cooperation and a persistent commitment to climate financing in order to ensure a sustainable future, particularly as the UK continues to cut its greenhouse gas emissions.