Topic: GS3 – Food security
- Gender inequality in agri-food systems is a significant global challenge, with women often being less food secure than men.
- Challenges faced by women and youth agri-preneurs include limited access to finance, limited land ownership, informal and unpaid work, and limited opportunities to voice their needs.
- An international gender conference titled “From research to impact: Towards just and resilient agri-food systems” was held at ICAR-NASC Pusa.
Challenges faced by women and youth agri-preneurs:
- Finance: Limited access to funding and loans.
- Land Ownership: Restricted land ownership hinders agricultural opportunities.
- Informal Work: Engaging in unpaid and informal agricultural tasks.
- Voice: Limited opportunities to express needs and concerns.
- Loan Access: Difficulty securing loans, especially without prior success.
- Capacity-Building: The need for skill development and training.
- Persistence: Overcoming challenges requires determination and patience.
- Gender Disparities: Unequal treatment and opportunities for women in agriculture.
- Financial Inclusion: Promote financial literacy and establish microfinance programs to facilitate easier access to capital for women and youth agri-preneurs.
- Land Reform: Advocate for policies that promote land ownership rights for women and youth in agriculture.
- Formalization: Encourage the formal recognition and compensation for informal and unpaid agricultural labor.
- Empowerment: Create platforms for women and youth agri-preneurs to voice their needs and participate in decision-making processes.
- Mentorship and Training: Develop mentorship programs and training initiatives to build skills and confidence among agri-preneurs.
- Support Networks: Establish support networks and associations for agri-preneurs to share experiences and resources.
- Promote Resilience: Encourage persistence and patience as key qualities for success in agri-entrepreneurship.
- Policy Reforms: Advocate for gender-sensitive policies that address gender disparities in agriculture.
- Data Inclusion: Ensure that data collection and analysis include the experiences and contributions of women and youth in agriculture.
Question: Discuss the key challenges faced by women and youth agri-preneurs in the agricultural sector and propose policy measures to empower and support their participation in building resilient agri-food systems.