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23 May 2024 : PIB Summary for UPSC

1. CDS Gen Anil Chauhan attends Exercise Cyber Suraksha – 2024

Topic: GS2 – Governance
Context
● The article reports on Chief of Defence Staff Gen Anil Chauhan’s participation in ‘Exercise Cyber Suraksha – 2024,’ highlighting its aim to strengthen India’s cyber defence capabilities.

● The exercise, conducted by the Defence Cyber Agency, emphasizes collaboration and integration among military and national agencies.

 Analysis of the news:

  • Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) Gen Anil Chauhan attended ‘Exercise Cyber Suraksha – 2024‘ on May 22, 2024, emphasising the need to bolster India’s cyber defence capabilities.
  • The comprehensive cyber defence exercise, conducted by the Defence Cyber Agency from May 20-24, aims to enhance the Cyber Defence Capability of all cyber security organisations.
  • The exercise focuses on fostering collaboration and integration among participants from various military and national organisations.
  • CDS highlighted the importance of jointness among stakeholders in the cyber domain and praised the initiative for creating a collaborative environment to address emerging cyber threats.
  • ‘Exercise Cyber Suraksha – 2024’ aims to empower participants by enhancing their cyber defence skills, sharing best practices, and working towards a unified cyber defence posture.
  • It promotes jointmanship and synergy in planning and preparation of a Cyber Defence Framework, reaffirming the commitment of the Indian Armed Forces to safeguarding national security in the cyber domain.
Increasing Cyber Threats and National Security:
Reasons for Increasing Cyber Threats:

Rapid Digitization: India’s rapid digital transformation has expanded attack surfaces, providing more opportunities for cybercriminals to exploit vulnerabilities.

Sophisticated Attacks: Cybercriminals are employing increasingly sophisticated techniques, including ransomware, phishing, and zero-day exploits, to target individuals, organisations, and critical infrastructure.

State-Sponsored Cyber Warfare: Nation-states and state-sponsored actors engage in cyber warfare to steal sensitive information, disrupt critical infrastructure, and undermine national security.

Insufficient Cybersecurity Measures: Inadequate cybersecurity measures, including weak passwords, outdated software, and lack of cybersecurity awareness, make individuals and organisations vulnerable to cyber threats.

Emergence of New Technologies: The proliferation of emerging technologies such as IoT, AI, and 5G introduces new attack vectors and challenges for cybersecurity.

Implications for National Security:

Critical Infrastructure Vulnerability: Cyberattacks targeting critical infrastructure, including power grids, transportation systems, and financial institutions, pose significant threats to national security and public safety.

Data Breaches: Data breaches compromise sensitive information, including government secrets, military intelligence, and personal data, undermining national security and sovereignty.

Economic Impact: Cyber Attacks disrupt economic activities, damage businesses, and erode public trust, impacting India’s economic growth and stability.

Strategic Threat: Cyber threats pose strategic challenges, including espionage, sabotage, and influence operations, which can undermine India’s geopolitical interests and security.

Way Forward:

Enhanced Cybersecurity: Strengthen cybersecurity infrastructure, policies, and practices to mitigate cyber threats and protect critical assets.

Investment in Technology: Invest in advanced cybersecurity technologies, threat intelligence, and cyber defence capabilities to detect, prevent, and respond to cyberattacks effectively.

Public-Private Partnerships: Foster collaboration between government, industry, academia, and civil society to share threat information, best practices, and resources for collective cybersecurity defence.

Cybersecurity Awareness: Promote cybersecurity awareness and education programs to empower individuals, businesses, and government agencies to adopt secure practices and behaviours.

International Cooperation: Strengthen international cooperation and partnerships to combat cyber threats, including information sharing, capacity building, and law enforcement collaboration.

Legal and Regulatory Framework: Develop and enforce robust cybersecurity laws, regulations, and standards to hold cybercriminals accountable and deter cyberattacks.

Resilience Building: Build resilience against cyber threats by implementing incident response plans, conducting regular cybersecurity audits, and enhancing cyber resilience strategies.

Continuous Monitoring and Adaptation: Implement continuous monitoring and adaptive cybersecurity strategies to stay ahead of evolving cyber threats and vulnerabilities.

Steps Taken by the Indian government in this regard:

National Cyber Security Policy: India launched the National Cyber Security Policy to enhance cybersecurity capabilities and protect critical infrastructure.

CERT-In Establishment: The Indian government established the Computer Emergency Response Team-India (CERT-In) to coordinate responses to cyber threats and incidents.

Cyber Swachhta Kendra: Introduced the Cyber Swachhta Kendra initiative to provide free tools and services for cybersecurity to citizens and organisations.

Cyber Coordination Centre: Established the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) to combat cybercrimes and strengthen cybersecurity measures.

International Cooperation: Engaged in international partnerships and collaborations to address cyber threats through initiatives like the Global Cyber Security Capacity Centre (GCSCC).

PYQ:

Q.1 What are the different elements of cyber security? Keeping in view the challenges in cyber security, examine the extent to which India has successfully developed a comprehensive National Cyber Security Strategy. (UPSC CSE (M) GS-3 2022)

Q.2 Discuss different types of cyber crimes and measures required to be taken to fight the menace. (150 words/10m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-3 2020)

Practice Question:  Discuss the significance of ‘Exercise Cyber Suraksha – 2024’ in bolstering India’s cyber defence capabilities and promoting collaboration among military and national agencies. (150 Words /10 marks)

 

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