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10-Oct -2023

1. Research is vital to create a just and resilient agri-food system: President

Topic: GS3 – agricultural research


  • President Smt Droupadi Murmu inaugurated an International Research Conference on ‘From research to impact: Towards Just and Resilient Agri-Food Systems.’
  • Smt Droupadi Murmu highlighted the importance of empowering women in agriculture for women-led development.
  • She stressed the need for research to enable ecologically sustainable, ethically desirable, economically affordable, and socially justifiable food production.

Importance of research in creating resilient agriculture systems:

  • Innovation: Research drives innovation in agriculture, leading to new technologies and practices.
  • Adaptation: Research helps farmers adapt to changing environmental conditions and challenges.
  • Sustainability: It promotes sustainable farming practices that conserve resources and protect the environment.
  • Crop Improvement: Research enhances crop varieties for higher yields, disease resistance, and resilience.
  • Risk Reduction: It identifies and mitigates risks, such as pests, droughts, and climate change impacts.
  • Efficiency: Research improves resource use efficiency, reducing waste and maximizing output.
  • Food Security: Resilient agriculture systems ensure a stable food supply for growing populations.
  • Economic Growth: Research contributes to agricultural productivity and economic development.
  • Policy Formulation: Research informs policymakers, leading to effective agricultural policies.
  • Resilience: Research equips farmers with knowledge to bounce back from shocks and crises.

Challenges to research agriculture in India:

  • Limited Funding: Insufficient funding for research institutions and projects can hinder the development of innovative agricultural solutions.
  • Lack of Infrastructure: Many research facilities in rural areas lack modern infrastructure and equipment, hindering the conduct of cutting-edge research.
  • Human Resource Shortage: A shortage of skilled agricultural researchers and scientists can impede progress in the field.
  • Low Investment in Technology: Adoption of advanced technologies like precision farming and biotechnology is slow due to limited investment.
  • Market Access: Farmers often struggle with limited access to markets and information, which research can help address.
  • Policy Implementation: Bridging the gap between research findings and policy implementation can be challenging, slowing down the impact of research on the ground.
  • Farmers’ Adoption: Convincing farmers to adopt new practices based on research findings can be a significant challenge.
  • Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Agriculture research often requires collaboration across multiple disciplines, which can be difficult to coordinate.

Way forward:

  • Increased Funding: Allocate more financial resources for agricultural research to support infrastructure development, human resources, and innovative projects.
  • Modernization of Infrastructure: Invest in modern research facilities and equipment to enhance the capabilities of research institutions.
  • Capacity Building: Focus on training and capacity building for agricultural scientists and researchers to ensure a skilled workforce.
  • Technology Adoption: Encourage the adoption of advanced agricultural technologies, such as precision farming and biotechnology, through incentives and awareness campaigns.
  • Extension Services: Strengthen agricultural extension services to bridge the gap between research findings and farmer adoption of new practices.
  • Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Encourage collaboration among researchers from various disciplines to address complex agricultural challenges comprehensively.
  • Education and Awareness: Raise awareness among farmers about the benefits of research-based practices through farmer training programs and information campaigns.

Question: Examine the role of agricultural research in addressing food security and sustainable farming practices in India. Highlight the challenges faced by the agricultural research sector and suggest policy measures to overcome them. (250 words)



Topic: GS3 – Joint Exercises.

About CHAKRAVAT 2023:

  • The Annual Joint HADR Exercise (AJHE) is a result of the directive issued by the Hon’ble Prime Minister during the Combined Commanders’ Conference in 2015.
  • The exercise, known as CHAKRAVAT, has evolved into a multi-agency effort, involving all three Services, Paramilitary Forces, disaster response organizations, NGOs, academic institutions, and international organizations.
  • The 2023 edition of the exercise will have participation from eight countries in the Indian Ocean Region.
  • It has been conducted in rotation by the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force since 2016, with the 2023 edition hosted by the Indian Navy in Goa.
  • The exercise aligns with India’s inclusive vision for the oceans, SAGAR (Security And Growth for All in the Region), and focuses on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) operations, given the increased vulnerability of the Indian Ocean Region to natural disasters due to climate change.



Topic: GS2 – Government initiatives

About SHRESHTA scheme:

  • Objective: The SHRESHTA scheme aims to extend government development interventions and bridge service gaps in Scheduled Castes (SC) dominant areas, particularly in the education sector.
  • Education Focus: It focuses on providing high-quality education and creating an environment for the socio-economic upliftment and overall development of SCs.
  • NGO-Run Institutions: The scheme involves grant-in-aid institutions operated by NGOs and residential high schools to achieve its objectives.
  • Access and Opportunity: It intends to provide meritorious SC students with access to the best schools in the country, securing their future opportunities.
  • Two Implementation Modes: The scheme operates through two modes: SHRESHTA schools (best private residential schools) and National Entrance Test for SHRESHTA (NETS) conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA).
  • Selection Criteria for Schools: Best-performing CBSE-based private residential schools with a pass percentage of over 75% for class 10 and 12 for the last three years are chosen for admission of selected students.


4. Courses launched by Sashastra Seema Bal now Live on iGOT Karmayogi platform.

Topic: GS2 – Indian administration


  • Karmayogi Bharat, in collaboration with Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), has launched 12 courses to bridge competency gaps among officials.

About iGOT Karmayogi platform:

iGOT Karmayogi is a comprehensive online platform for the capacity building of all government employees in India. It is an integral part of the Mission Karmayogi scheme, which aims to transform the Indian government’s human resources management system.

The iGOT Karmayogi platform offers following features:

  • Online learning:The platform provides access to a wide range of online courses, covering a variety of topics, from domain-specific skills to behavioral excellence.
  • Competency management:The platform helps government employees track their progress in developing the competencies they need to be successful in their careers.
  • Career management:The platform provides tools and resources to help government employees plan and develop their careers.
  • Discussions:The platform provides a forum for government employees to share ideas and collaborate on projects.
  • Networking: The platform helps government employees connect with each other and build relationships.


  • Improved skills and knowledge:The platform provides access to a wide range of courses that can help government employees to develop the skills and knowledge they need to be successful in their careers.
  • Enhanced career prospects:The platform helps government employees to track their progress and develop their careers.
  • Increased productivity:The platform can help government employees to be more effective in their work.
  • Improved public service:The platform can help government employees to provide better service to the public.


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