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4-December -2023

1. Prime Minister pays tributes to Dr. Rajendra Prasad on his birth anniversary.

Topic: GS1 – Indian history.


  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tributes to the first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on his birth anniversary.
  • The Prime Minister highlighted Dr. Prasad’s profound wisdom and steadfast leadership during crucial moments in Indian history.
  • Rajendra Prasad’s role as a champion of democracy and unity was emphasized by the Prime Minister.

More information about Dr. Rajendra Prasad:

Early Life and Education:

  • Born on December 3, 1884, in Zeradei,Bihar (present-day India).
  • Son of Mahadev Sahai and Kamleshwari Devi.
  • Brilliant student, securing top ranks in various examinations.
  • Earned his M.A. and Doctorate degrees in Law from prestigious universities.

Freedom Fighter and Political Leader:

  • Joined the Indian National Congress and actively participated in the independence movement.
  • Close associate of Mahatma Gandhi, becoming a key figure in the Non-Cooperation Movement.
  • Imprisoned several times for his political activities but remained undeterred.
  • Elected President of the Indian National Congress thrice (1934, 1939, and 1947).
  • Played a crucial role in drafting the Constitution of India as President of the Constituent Assembly (1946-1950).

First President of India (1950-1962):

  • Elected as India’s first president after independence in 1950.
  • Served two consecutive terms, upholding the dignity and neutrality of the office.
  • Promoted national unity and integration, emphasizing cultural heritage and social reforms.
  • Advocated for education, women’s empowerment, and upliftment of underprivileged communities.
  • Awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor, in 1962.

Beyond Politics:

  • Renowned scholar and author, writing extensively on Gandhian philosophy, Indian culture, and socio-economic issues.
  • Accomplished lawyer, known for his integrity and dedication to justice.
  • Linguist,fluent in Hindi, Sanskrit, Urdu, English, and Persian.
  • Simple and austere lifestyle, earning him the affectionate title “Rajendra Babu” (respected elder).


2. India re-elected to International Maritime Organisation with highest vote tally

Topic: GS2 – International organisations


  • India has been re-elected to the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Council for the 2024-25 biennium.

Additional information on the news:

  • The re-election was achieved with the highest tally among the 10 states falling under the category of “the largest interest in international seaborne trade.”
  • These 10 states include Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
  • The election results reflect India’s strong commitment to international maritime operations and contributions to global seaborne trade.
  • The Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways (MoPSW) played a crucial role in these efforts under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • Shri Sarbananda Sonowal, the Union Minister for Ports, Shipping, and Waterways, emphasized the government’s determination to strengthen India’s diverse contributions to international maritime activities.
  • India has maintained a proud and unbroken record in Category B during its continuous service at the IMO.
  • The term of the Council will be for the biennium 2024-25, showcasing India’s sustained engagement and leadership in global maritime affairs.
  • The re-election is indicative of the international community’s recognition of India’s role in promoting and enhancing the interests of seaborne trade.

International Maritime Organisation:

  • Formation: The International Maritime Organization (IMO) was established on March 17, 1948, and became functional in 1959 as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • Mandate: IMO’s primary mandate is to regulate shipping at the global level, promoting safety and security, environmental performance, and efficiency of shipping.
  • Headquarters: The IMO’s headquarters is located in London, United Kingdom.
  • Membership: It has 174 Member States and three Associate Members as of my last knowledge update in January 2022.
  • Governance Structure: The organization is governed by the Assembly, Council, and a series of committees and sub-committees, with the Secretary-General serving as the head.
  • Functions: IMO develops and maintains a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping, covering various aspects such as safety, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical cooperation, and maritime security.
  • Conventions: IMO is known for its conventions, the most notable being the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).
  • Recognitions: IMO has been awarded the prestigious Prince Michael International Road Safety Award for its commitment to improving the safety of international shipping.



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