|Topic: GS3 – Environment – Conservation
UPSC candidates should study Ramsar Convention, Wetland City Accreditation, and India’s conservation efforts for urban wetlands for environmental governance and international relations.
- The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has submitted three nominations from India for Wetland City Accreditation (WCA) under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
- The nominated cities are Indore (Madhya Pradesh), Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh), and Udaipur (Rajasthan).
- These nominations are based on proposals from respective State Wetlands Authorities in collaboration with the Municipal Corporations.
- The wetlands around these cities provide various benefits such as flood regulation, livelihood opportunities, and recreational and cultural values.
- The three nominated cities have Ramsar Sites, including Sirpur Wetland in Indore, Bhoj Wetland in Bhopal, and several wetlands around Udaipur.
- Indore, known for its cleanliness, has Sirpur Lake recognized as a significant site for water bird congregation and is being developed as a Bird Sanctuary.
- Bhopal, also recognized for cleanliness, has proposed conservation zones around wetlands in its draft City Development Plan 2031, with Bhoj Wetland as a lifeline.
- Udaipur, located in Rajasthan, is surrounded by five major wetlands integral to the city’s culture and identity, helping maintain the microclimate and providing a buffer from extreme events.
- The WCA is a voluntary accreditation system approved by the Ramsar Convention to recognize cities that take exceptional steps to safeguard their urban wetlands.
- The scheme aims to promote conservation, wise use of urban wetlands, and sustainable socio-economic benefits for local populations.
- To be formally accredited, a city must meet international criteria outlined in the Operational Guidance for WCA of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
- The Wetland City Accreditation will generate public awareness about urban wetland conservation and align with the ongoing Amrit Dharohar initiative of the MoEF&CC, promoting the unique conservation values of Ramsar Sites in the country.
|More about Ramsar Convention
|PYQ: Comment on the National Wetland conservation Programme initiated by the Government of India and name a few India’s wetlands of International importance included in the Ramsar Sites. (250 words/15m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-3 2023)
|Practice Question: How does the Ramsar Convention contribute to global biodiversity conservation, and what measures does it recommend for the sustainable use of wetlands? (150 words/10 m)