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6-January -2024

1. Cabinet approves overarching scheme “PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI)” of the Ministry of Earth Sciences.

Topic: GS2 – Governance – Government policies – Interventions for development in various sectors

PRITHVI scheme crucial for UPSC as it addresses Earth System Sciences, disaster management, and sustainable resource exploration.


  • The Union Cabinet approved the Rs. 4,797 crore PRITHVI scheme by the Ministry of Earth Sciences, focusing on long-term Earth observations, hazard predictions, polar exploration, sustainable ocean resource development, and translating science for societal benefit.

Additional information on this news:

  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the “PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI)” scheme of the Ministry of Earth Sciences, with a total cost of Rs. 4,797 crore for implementation from 2021-26.
  • The PRITHVI scheme includes five sub-schemes: ACROSS, O-SMART, PACER, SAGE, and REACHOUT.
  • Objectives of the PRITHVI scheme include sustaining long-term observations of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, geosphere, cryosphere, and solid earth; developing modeling systems for weather, ocean, and climate hazard predictions; exploring polar and high seas regions; and translating Earth systems science knowledge into societal services.
  • The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) focuses on translating science into services for weather, climate, ocean, hydrology, seismology, and natural hazards, as well as exploring and harnessing marine resources in a sustainable manner.
  • MoES provides services such as weather forecasts, disaster warnings, tsunami alerts, earthquake monitoring, etc., used by various agencies and state governments for disaster management.
  • Ten MoES institutes, including IMD, NCMRWF, CMLRE, NCCR, NCS, NIOT, INCOIS, NCPOR, IITM, and NCESS, conduct research and operational activities.
  • Earth System Sciences encompass the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere. The PRITHVI scheme aims to holistically address these components for a better understanding and reliable services for the country.
  • Integrated R&D efforts under PRITHVI will tackle grand challenges in weather, climate, ocean, cryosphere, seismological science, and resource exploration in a sustainable manner.

Practice Question: Examine the significance of the recently approved ‘PRITHVI’ initiative by the Union Cabinet, elucidating how it transforms the approach towards earth sciences research in India. (200 words/12.5 m)


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