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Daily Current Affairs For UPSC ,The Hindu Editorial Summary

1) Redouble efforts to reduce disaster risks

Topic: GS3- Disaster management


  • Recent G20 summit in New Delhi and United Nations General Assembly SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) summit in New York next week are going to be the important events in context of disaster management.
  • The G20 Summit and India’s success in disaster risk reduction are an opportunity to accelerate international cooperation and build resilience to risks.
  • This article provides glimpses on what India achieved and what more is to be done.

Recent crisis which would be testing our ability to cope:

  • Covid 19 Pandemic
  • War and political crisis
  • Debt and food insecurity
  • Extreme weather events (Their frequency and Intensity)

Current headlines of disasters:

  • Severe Flooding in China
  • Destructive wildfire in Europe
  • Hawaii recorded hottest month in July

All these events shows what could happen if action is not taken.

  • It is the most vulnerable countries and communities which are paying the greatest price despite having contributed least to the problem.
  • India faces extreme weather crisis like monsoon disaster caused loss of livelihood and lives.

Solutions to the problem of disaster in long term:

  • SDG acts as a source of light for adaptation and mitigation of risk.
  • Paris climate summit commitments to limit global warming.
  • Sendai Framework for disaster risk reduction.

Lessons from Covid 19 for disaster preparedness.

  • Importance of disaster risk reduction on a wide scale
  • Need for new ways of working towards vulnerabilities and risks.

Solutions provided during Covid 19

  • Digital innovation
  • Computer modelling
  • Cowin digital vaccine system

India as a global example for disaster risk reduction:

  • All the 28 States have prepared their own disaster management plans in recent years.
  • Mortality from extreme weather events has fallen drastically in recent years.
  • India’s early warning system for cyclones covers the entire coastline and has helped reduce cyclone related mortality by 90% over the last 15 years.
  • heat wave action plans at the local level have reduced heat wave deaths by over 90%.
  • Zero deaths reported during cyclone Biparjoy in Gujarat.
  • Institutional deliveries (in hospitals and shelters) insured authorities before the cyclone.

All these showcases how India effectively prepared its response and early warning during disasters.

Finance Commission for disasters:

  • The 15th Finance Commission in India introduced significant reforms to disaster risk financing.
  • With a total allocation of $28.6 billion at the national and State levels for a period of five years, the Government of India has provided sufficient resources for disaster preparedness, response, recovery, and capacity development.

India highlights agenda on the global platform:

  • On the international stage, India is promoting disaster resilience and sustainability, including through the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure, a global partnership for building resilience in infrastructure.
  • India’s National Disaster Response Force responds to domestic disasters and is also regularly deployed to disaster zones around the world.

What more needs to be done?

  • Disaster risk must be integrated at all levels, into how we build, how we invest, and how we live.
  • One of the most cost-effective risk-reduction methods is early warning systems for all, spearheaded by the UN, with India’s support.
  • Just a 24-hour warning of a coming storm can reduce the damage caused by 30%. Yet, over a third of the world’s population, mostly in least developed countries and Small Island Developing States, do not have access to such systems.
  • Improve global data capabilities that helps to respond to risks we are facing.


  • The ultimate goal is a global multi-risk warning system for all kinds of hazards, whether biological, tectonic, or technological.
  • Finally, we need to ensure that no one is left behind. We must enhance international cooperation in disaster prevention, response, and recovery, especially for the countries of the Global South.

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